By Christopher Corèdon
An curiosity within the center a while usually brings the non-specialist reader up brief opposed to a observe or time period which isn't understood or basically imperfectly understood. This dictionary is meant to place an finish to all that: it's been designed to be of actual aid to normal readers and experts alike. The dictionary includes a few 3,400 phrases as headwords, starting from the criminal and ecclesiastic to the extra prosaic phrases of everyday life. Latin used to be the language of the church, legislation and executive, and plenty of Latin phrases illustrated listed below are usually present in sleek books of heritage of the interval; equally, definitely the right which means of previous English and center English phrases may possibly elude contemporary reader: this dictionary endeavours to supply readability. as well as definition, etymologies of many phrases are given, within the trust that understanding the foundation and evolution of a be aware supplies a greater figuring out. There also are examples of medieval phrases and words nonetheless in use this day, one other relief to clarifying which means. CHRISTOPHER COREDON has additionally compiled the Dictionary of Cybernyms. Dr ANN WILLIAMS, historic advisor at the undertaking, used to be until eventually her retirement Senior Lecturer in medieval background on the Polytechnic of North London.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
A *charge, half the width of a *bend. Bendy. Her. Used of a shield covered by *bends of alternate tinctures. In this case, each bend is one fifth of the width of the shield. Benedictines [black monks]. The monks and nuns belonging to the Order of St Benedict (OSB). The rule dominated Europe from the 9c. They were required to remain in their community, always obeying the abbot. In England the order possessed great areas of land, becoming very rich and powerful. At the time of the Conquest their monasteries were the only sources of education and art in England: the Benedictine rule specified that a set number of hours each day should be set aside for work in the *scriptorium.
It might have included part of a fish catch or a proportion of the catch from a rabbit warren. – Cf. Fornagium; Four banal Banifer. A standard bearer; also known as a baneur. [< L banera, banarium = a banner] – Cf. next Banner. Her. A banner was intended to indicate some distinctly valorous action of its user. The primary distinction between banners and standards and *pennons was that banners were square, having had the elongated fork-tail of the others cut off. g. an emperor’s was two or three times that of a *baron.
A gold *roundel. Bible 1. The sacred scriptures of Christianity and (without the Christian New Testament) of Judaism. Until the Reformation the text generally used in the West was that of the *Vulgate. At a time when all texts were handwritten, Bibles were usually to be found in two or three or more large folio volumes. Monasteries would have one as a treasured possession. e. both Old and New Testaments, surviving in the West is the 7c Codex Amiatinus. – Cf. Biblia pauperum; Bibliotheca Bible 2.
A Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases by Christopher Corèdon