By Florian Cajori
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Additional resources for A History Of Mathematical Notations Volume 1: Notations In Elementary Mathematics
In the tables, as printed the dash over the letters expressing numbers is omitted. by Heiberg, In the edition of N. / X", which is written 7 1 rj X, "The Michigan Mathematical Papyrus No. 621," Isis, Vol. V (1922), p. 20-25. 2 "A Byzantine Table 3 The de la 4 and of Fractions," Ancient Egypt, Vol. I (1914), p. 52-54. were edited by Paul Tannery in Notices et extraits des manuscrits Bibliotheque Nationale, Vol. XXXII, Part 1 (1886), p. 121-252. letters C. Ptolemy, Almagest (ed. N. Halma; Paris, 1813), Book I, chap, ix, p.
343-48, 393-96, 583, 584. stated that 3 A HISTORY OF MATHEMATICAL NOTATIONS 38 PERUVIAN AND NORTH AMERICAN KNOT RECORDS ANCIENT QUIPU 1 62. 'The use of knots in cords for the purpose of reckoning, and recording numbers" was practiced by the Chinese and some other ancient people; it had a most remarkable development among the Inca of Peru, in South America, who inhabited a territory as large as the United States east of the Rocky Mountains, and were a people of superior mentality. D. to the time of the Spanish conquest about the eleventh century in the sixteenth century.
Occasionally one encounters this principle in the Babylonian notations. , : was seldom applied by the old Romans and during the entire Middle Ages one finds only a few instances of it. The cases that I have found belong to the middle of the fifteenth century and are all cases of IX, never of IV, and occurring more especially in French and Piedmontese documents. Walther, in his Lexicon diptomaticum, Gottingen, 1745- LXL = 90 in use in the eighth century. "* L. C. , XXCIII, II. J. ; London, 1881), Vol.
A History Of Mathematical Notations Volume 1: Notations In Elementary Mathematics by Florian Cajori