By William Ward
William Ward's account of the Hindu groups between whom he served as a Baptist missionary in Serampore in West Bengal was once first released in 1811 and reprinted during this 3rd variation in 1817. It used to be an exceptionally influential paintings that formed British perspectives of the newly outlined entity of 'Hinduism' within the early 19th century. Ward and his fellow missionaries promoted social reforms and schooling, developing the Serampore challenge Press in 1800 and Serampore university in 1818. Ward dedicated 20 years to compiling his research of Hindu literature, heritage, mythology and faith, which used to be finally released in 4 volumes. It supplied richly specific info, and was once considered as authoritative for the following fifty years. it really is as a result nonetheless an enormous resource for researchers in parts together with Indian heritage, British colonialism, Orientalism and non secular reports. quantity 1 describes and categorises Hindu deities and items of worship, celestial, terrestrial, animate and inanimate.
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Additional info for A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 1: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works
Munusa, the queen of the snakes, or she who protects men ON THE HINDOO RELIGION. xxxix From their fatal bite. The lower orders crowd to the three annual festivals held in honour of this goddess. 21. Shitsht'hee, the goddess of fecundity. She is honoured with six annual festivals, celebrated chiefly by females. Her image is that of a yellow woman, sitting on a cat, and nursing a child ; though, in general, a rough stone, painted on the top, and placed under a tree, is the object worshipped. These may be considered as the celestial deities worshipped by the Hindoos.
H Literally, the chief, or nature. '' Shaktft means energy. xxxviii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS 17. Liikshmee, the goddess of fortune, is the wife of Vishnoo: she is said to have been produced at the churning of the sea, as Venus was said to be born of the froth of the sea. At her birth, all the gods were enamoured of her. She is painted yellow, with a water-lily in her right hand; (in which form she is worshipped frequently by Hindoo women;) but no bloody sacrifices are offered to her. The Hindoos avoid all payments of money on the Thursday, (Lukshmee-varii,) from the fear of offending this goddess.
D 2 xxviii INTRODUCTORY REMARKS Giirooru is a portion of Shivii; his body represents the ve"dii. Vishnoo is distinguished as being the source of most of the Hindoo incarnations; in which forms he commands the worship Of-the greatest division of the Hindoo population. I know of no temple's nor festivals in honour of Vishnoo. He is called the Preserver, but the actions ascribed to him under this character are referred to other forms and names. The shalgramu, a stone, is a form of Vishnoo. During four months of the year, all the forms of this god are laid to sleep.
A View of the History, Literature, and Religion of the Hindoos, Volume 1: Including a Minute Description of their Manners and Customs, and Translations from their Principal Works by William Ward