By Dennis J. Stanford

ISBN-10: 0520227832

ISBN-13: 9780520227835

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the United States? in accordance with the now known tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. distinct stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition verified the presence of those early New global humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic examine, and genetic experiences, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the previous narrative and, within the strategy, counter traditional—and frequently subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for historic relatedness. The authors follow rigorous scholarship to a speculation that areas the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st american citizens crossed the Atlantic by means of boat and arrived previous to formerly concept. providing archaeological and oceanographic proof to help this statement, the e-book dismantles the outdated paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis know-how with the tradition of the Solutrean those who occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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Extra info for Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture

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These points, although similar to Clovis points in form, were much thinner and had bases that were thinned instead of fluted. Haynes suggested that there were multiple Clovis occupations and that the weapon tips were simply early Clovis points that were broken during use and given a new base, accounting for their thinness and lack of flutes. A radiocarbon date from a probable hearth feature indicated this “early Clovis” assemblage was nearly 16,000 radiocarbon years old. Soon after his visit to Cactus Hill, Dennis and the Paleoindian expert Pegi Jodry participated in an exhibit in Solutré, France, the site where the European Upper Paleolithic Solutrean culture was first identified and after which it was named.

Geological and environmental settings can tell us some things, such as the probable conditions in which people lived, but the minuscule representation of the past provided by stone artifacts can give us more details about our distant human heritage. Along with its excellent preservation, flaked stone is important because it directly reflects specific behaviors of individuals within their cultural and environmental contexts, and these behaviors can to some extent be reconstructed. While tool forms are interesting in their own right, we focus on how tools were made; that is, their technology.

3 He had little evidence to calibrate the timing of this event, but he suggested that the migration took place as recently as 5,000 years earlier and argued vociferously against those who suggested earlier human occupations of the New World. 4 The rolling storm created walls of water that cascaded down normally dry streambeds and cut deeply into prehistoric sediments. The turmoil of rain, hail, and crashing lightening scattered range cattle far and wide. After the storm, ranch hands, including George McJunkin, worked to bunch up the cattle and survey the damage.

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Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

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