By Soh Kheang Loh, Yuen May Choo (auth.), Ravindra Pogaku, Rosalam Hj. Sarbatly (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461462487

ISBN-13: 9781461462484

ISBN-10: 1461462495

ISBN-13: 9781461462491

​Biofuels will play a key position within the twenty first century because the global faces serious difficulties; unstable gas costs and international climatic alterations. either one of those are associated with the overdependence at the fossil fuels: petroleum, common gasoline, and coal. Transportation is sort of completely depending on petroleum dependent fuels similar to fuel, diesel gas, liquefied petroleum gasoline, and on typical fuel. regardless of an important quantity of study into biofuels, the sector has no longer been in a position to exchange fossil fuels. contemporary advances will switch this state of affairs. Extracting gas from biomass has been very dear (both monetarily and in land usage), time eating, unusable byproducts, and so forth. expertise to procure liquid gas from non-fossil assets needs to be better to be swifter, extra effective and less expensive. This e-book will hide the present expertise used for quite a few plant varieties and discover shortcomings with each.

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Compost, biofertilizer • Fiber, plywood, pulp and paper, wood based products, medium fiber board, wood plastics composite, paper products, particle board, furniture • Pellets, briquettes, biogas, biofuels (petrol substitutes, diesel/jet fuel substitutes) • Animal feed • Bio-based chemicals (bio-plastics, nutraceutical, and others) supported and integrate vertically with the downstream industries to achieve the synergistic effects under the industrial cluster concept (Fig. 3), a concept with benefits proven all over (Sőlvell et al.

4 Issues and Challenges The issues and challenges for the production and utilisation of oil palm biomass as RE cover the whole value chain (supplier, producer, user, tech provider and investor). A few points to be highlighted are: 1. g. reduce land use, water use) and logistic 2. Feedstock handling/processing—issues surrounding the storage, transport and pretreatment 1 Prospect, Challenges and Opportunities on Biofuels in Malaysia 11 3. Conversion—issues concerning technology, coproducts/by-products utilisation, capital cost 4.

Choo Salema AA, Ani FN (2011) Microwave induced pyrolysis of oil palm biomass. Bioresour Technol 102:3388–3395 Sukiran MA, Abu Bakar NK, Chow MC (2010) Optimisation of pyrolysis of oil palm empty fruit bunches. J Oil Palm Res 21:653–658 Sukiran MA, Loh SK, Nasrin AB, Choo YM (2011) Production and characterisation of bio-char from the pyrolysis of empty fruit bunches. Am J Appl Sci 8(10):984–988 Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA) (2011) National renewable energy policy and action plan The Star (2011) China to finance biofuel projects in Malaysia.

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Advances in Biofuels by Soh Kheang Loh, Yuen May Choo (auth.), Ravindra Pogaku, Rosalam Hj. Sarbatly (eds.)

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