By Soh Kheang Loh, Yuen May Choo (auth.), Ravindra Pogaku, Rosalam Hj. Sarbatly (eds.)
Biofuels will play a key position within the twenty first century because the global faces serious difficulties; unstable gas costs and international climatic alterations. either one of those are associated with the overdependence at the fossil fuels: petroleum, common gasoline, and coal. Transportation is sort of completely depending on petroleum dependent fuels similar to fuel, diesel gas, liquefied petroleum gasoline, and on typical fuel. regardless of an important quantity of study into biofuels, the sector has no longer been in a position to exchange fossil fuels. contemporary advances will switch this state of affairs. Extracting gas from biomass has been very dear (both monetarily and in land usage), time eating, unusable byproducts, and so forth. expertise to procure liquid gas from non-fossil assets needs to be better to be swifter, extra effective and less expensive. This e-book will hide the present expertise used for quite a few plant varieties and discover shortcomings with each.
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Compost, biofertilizer • Fiber, plywood, pulp and paper, wood based products, medium fiber board, wood plastics composite, paper products, particle board, furniture • Pellets, briquettes, biogas, biofuels (petrol substitutes, diesel/jet fuel substitutes) • Animal feed • Bio-based chemicals (bio-plastics, nutraceutical, and others) supported and integrate vertically with the downstream industries to achieve the synergistic effects under the industrial cluster concept (Fig. 3), a concept with benefits proven all over (Sőlvell et al.
4 Issues and Challenges The issues and challenges for the production and utilisation of oil palm biomass as RE cover the whole value chain (supplier, producer, user, tech provider and investor). A few points to be highlighted are: 1. g. reduce land use, water use) and logistic 2. Feedstock handling/processing—issues surrounding the storage, transport and pretreatment 1 Prospect, Challenges and Opportunities on Biofuels in Malaysia 11 3. Conversion—issues concerning technology, coproducts/by-products utilisation, capital cost 4.
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Advances in Biofuels by Soh Kheang Loh, Yuen May Choo (auth.), Ravindra Pogaku, Rosalam Hj. Sarbatly (eds.)