By G.F. Ball, J. Balthazart, M. Hidaka, I. Novak, M. Wheatly
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology is helping biologists, physiologists, and biochemists maintain music of the large literature within the box. supplying entire, built-in experiences and sound, serious, and provocative summaries, this sequence is a needs to for all lively researchers in environmental and comparative physiology.
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Additional resources for Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology
The normal path for K+ entry across the basolateral membrane is the (Na+ + K+)-ATPase, and there is a significant K+ back-leak via the basolateral K+ conductance (Knauf and Fromter 1971). The luminal membrane is thought to have a low K+ conductance, but K+ enters the lumen via a K+ IH+ antiport, a transport process which was unmasked in the rat duct after the Na+ transport was prevented (Knauf and Liibcke 1975; Knauf et al. 1975, 1982). The higher capacity of rat ducts to secrete K+ and HC0 3 - compared with rabbit ducts is ascribed to a greater density of the K+ IH+ antiports over the Na +IH+ antiports.
Hence, the finding of a Cl- conductance in isolated pancreatic zymogen granules initiated the hypothesis that the Cl- conductance responsible for salt and fluid secretion in exocrine secretory cells may originate, in part, with the exocytotic fusion of the granule with the luminal membrane (De Lisle and Hopfer 1986). The Clconductance, studied in isolated granules or in permeabilized cells (with intact granules) from rat pancreas and parotid glands, has been described as DIDS-sensitive and showing an anion selectivity sequence of 1- > Br- > Cl- > F- > sol- » gluconate (De Lisle and Hopfer 1986; Fuller et al.
Med Bioi 57:1-28 Gasser KW, Hopfer U (1990) Chloride transport across the membrane of parotid secretory granules. Am J Physiol 259:C413-C420 Gasser KW, DiDomenico J, Hopfer U (1988a) Secretagogues activate chloride transport pathways in pancreatic zymogen granules. Am J Physiol 254:G93-G99 Gasser KW, DiDomenico J, Hopfer U (1988b) Potassium transport by pancreatic and parotid zymogen granule membranes. Am J Physiol 255:C705-C711 Gasser KW, Goldsmith A, Hopfer U (1990) Regulation of chloride transport in parotid secretory granules by membrane fluidity.
Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology by G.F. Ball, J. Balthazart, M. Hidaka, I. Novak, M. Wheatly