By Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon

ISBN-10: 1402032846

ISBN-13: 9781402032844

[…] an enticing and well-written evaluation of the present prestige of our wisdom of the composition of the center surroundings and the fundamental radiative, dynamical and photochemical approaches which preserve it. (Bulletin American Meteorological Society)

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Additional info for Aeronomy of the middle atmosphere: chemistry and physics of the stratosphere and mesosphere, Third Edition

Example text

Are not always the stoichoimetric coefficients a, b, c, . . as shown by laboratory experiments. Different experimental methods have been developed to derive reaction rates, but will not be presented here. The parameters describing the kinetics of the reactions are generally derived by measuring the concentration of the reactants or products as a function of time. The rate of change of a reactant or of a product is related to the rate of reaction R (molec cm−3 s−1 ) by 1 d(B) 1 d(M) 1 d(N) 1 d(A) =− = ...

In their term symbols. 1) and radiative decay can occur. 2) The selection rules for radiative processes permit us to evaluate the ease or difficulty with which a particular transition can proceed. The basic rules are as follows: ∗ Spin is unchanged in an allowed transition, for both atoms and molecules. This is generally the most important consideration in establishing the transition probability. ∗ L or Λ changes of 1 or zero are allowed, except in the case of atoms if 0 → 0 (S → S). , D → S) are unfavorable.

MM + nN + . . 21) where coefficients a, b, c, etc. are the smallest possible integers that provide the correct stoichiometry, the reaction rate R can be expressed by the general expression R = f [(A), (B), (C), . . 22) where (A) represents the concentration of species A. As shown by experimental studies, this function may be complex, but may often be of the form R = k(A)α (B)β (C)γ . . 23) CHEMICAL CONCEPTS IN THE ATMOSPHERE 25 where k is the rate coefficient or rate constant for this particular reaction.

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Aeronomy of the middle atmosphere: chemistry and physics of the stratosphere and mesosphere, Third Edition by Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon


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