By Douglas Patterson
This examine seems to the paintings of Tarski's mentors Stanislaw Lesniewski and Tadeusz Kotarbinski, and reconsiders the entire significant concerns in Tarski scholarship in mild of the notion of Intuitionistic Formalism constructed: semantics, fact, paradox, logical final result.
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Extra info for Alfred Tarski: Philosophy of Language and Logic (History of Analytic Philosophy)
His views on the point of setting out a deductive theory receded into the background, but traces of them can still be found in remarks throughout the remainder of his writings, including the passage Tarski cites. One thing that these later remarks make clear is that though Le´sniewski made some reference to Brentano and Husserl in his early discussions of “referential intentions” and the like, no heavy theory of “mental acts” lies behind his views; his interest is really a practical one in being understood to have said exactly what he intended to say.
They encouraged the disappearance of the feeling for the distinction between the mathematical sciences, conceived of as deductive theories, which serve to capture various realities of the world in the most exact laws possible, and such non-contradictory deductive systems, which indeed ensure the possibility of obtaining, on their basis, an abundance of ever new theorems, but which simultaneously distinguish themselves by the lack of any connection with reality of any intuitive, scientiﬁc value … The question, whether the Frege system changed as indicated above or also the ‘Mengenlehre’ of Zermelo will ever lead to a contradiction, is completely immaterial from the point of view of an intellectual anxiety, directed resolutely towards reality, and which stems from an irresistible, intuitive necessity of belief in the ‘truth’ of certain assumptions and in the ‘correctness’ of certain inferences, which in combination with those assumptions, lead to contradiction.
On the one hand, terms’ meanings are supposed to be determined by the conventions for sentences. On the other, a term’s meaning is supposed to be a certain connotation, the content of a sub-propositional mental state: grasping a concept. The question raised is: how do we make conventions for sentences expressing thoughts correctly determine the connotations that terms are intended to have? Though Kotarbinski ´ discusses denotation at some length, the important thing for our purposes is that denotation is within his conception a derivative feature that is irrelevant to the basic, psychologistic account of the signiﬁcance of linguistic expressions and their role in communication.
Alfred Tarski: Philosophy of Language and Logic (History of Analytic Philosophy) by Douglas Patterson