By Gary Haynes
The quantity includes summaries of evidence, theories, and unsolved difficulties relating the unexplained extinction of dozens of genera of ordinarily huge terrestrial mammals, which happened ca. 13,000 calendar years in the past in North the United States and approximately 1,000 years later in South the US. one other both mysterious wave of extinctions affected huge Caribbean islands round 5,000 years in the past. The coupling of those extinctions with the earliest visual appeal of people has ended in the advice that foraging people are responsible, even if significant climatic shifts have been additionally happening within the Americas in the course of many of the extinctions. The final released quantity with related (but now not exact) issues -- Extinctions in close to Time -- seemed in 1999; in view that then loads of leading edge, intriguing new study has been performed yet has no longer but been compiled and summarized. various chapters during this quantity supply in-depth resumés of the chronology of the extinctions in North and South the US, the potential insights into animal ecology supplied by way of stories of good isotopes and anatomical/physiological features reminiscent of progress increments in immense and mastodont tusks, the clues from taphonomic learn approximately large-mammal biology, the functions of courting how you can the extinctions debate, and archeological controversies touching on human looking of huge mammals.
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Additional resources for American megafaunal extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene
Athena Rev 3(2):24–32 Collins MB (2003) Gault site dates and findings. Newsletter of the Friends of the Texas Archeological Research Laboratory, May Crass BA, Holmes CE (2004) Swan Point: A case for land bridge migration in the peopling of North America. Paper presented at 69th annual meeting of Society for American Archaeology, Mar. 31-Apr. 4, Montreal, Quebec Crossen KJ, Yesner DR, Veltre DW, Graham RW (2005) 5,700-year-old mammoth remains from the Pribilof Islands, Alaska: Last outpost of North American megafauna.
Paper presented at 63rd Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Mar. 25–29, Seattle, WA Graham R, Stafford T, Lundelius E, Semken H, Southon J (2002) C-14 chronostratigraphy and litho-stratigraphy of late Pleistocene megafauna extinctions in the New World. Paper presented at 67th annual meeting of Society for American Archaeology, Mar. 20–24, Denver, CO Graham R, Stafford T, Semken H (1997) Pleistocene extinctions: Chronology, non-analog communities, and environmental change. Paper presented at symposium “Humans and other Catastrophes,” American Museum of Natural History, Apr.
Late dates from Brazil include: 9,580 ± 200 BP on charcoal associated with the sloth, Catonyx cuvieri, at Lapa Vermelha IV; another date on bone for C. cuvieri of 9,990 ± 40 BP; and a collagen date of 9,260 ± 150 BP for the only South American sabertooth species, Smilodon populator (Neves and Pilo, 2003). At Pay Paso 1 in Uruguay, a date of ca. 9,100 BP is reported for charcoal from a late fishtail assemblage associated with bones of glyptodont and possibly equid (Suarez, 2003). , 1998). Steadman et al.
American megafaunal extinctions at the end of the Pleistocene by Gary Haynes