By Jan Patočka

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Introduction
1 technological know-how and man
2 technology and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context

PART I GEOGRAPHY and standard METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its critical themes
6 easy strategies of technology and the tactic applicable to ontology
7 Objectivism and subjectivism
8 Positivism and naturalism
8a The a-historical nature of positivism
8b The Enlightenment and positivism
8c Naturalism and idealism
9 Kantian ontology of fabric nature
10 Conceptions of actual area and geography
10a The emergence of geography as an summary, theoretical science
10b Social physics
11 actual area, cognitive behaviouralism and the flip to subjectivity
12 The mode of being attribute of geographical objects

PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
13 The phenomenological foundation of geography
14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and useful research
15 methods to geographical phenomenology
15a the mandatory contrast among humanism and geography
15b Existentialism
16 The view of science
16a Phenomenology as criticism
16b Phenomenology as anti-science
16c The foundational position of phenomenology
16d Phenomena of lived experience
17 The flip to the lifeworld, and the paradox of floor and object
18 The phenomenological method
18a Intentionality

Geographical phenomenology: a critique of its foundations
19 The metaphysics of geographical phenomenology
20 Humanism and the confusion of the 'objective' and the 'subjective'
20a Subjectivity and intentionality
20b Individualism
20c The 'things themselves', 'consciousness' and 'the challenge of the target world'
2od Idealism
21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
21a Phenomenology and standards of validity
22 The flip to Schiitz's constitutive phenomenology and justifying a go back to Husserl

PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
23 what's phenomenology?
23a Phenomenology: its origins and foundations
23b The typical attitude
23c Empirical technological know-how and natural science
23d unique intuition
23c Phenomena and intentionality
24 the necessity for phenomenology
24a The quandary of distance among technology and life
24b The critique of the optimistic sciences
24c The constitution of the realm and 'objects' of science
24d Phenomenology and the guiding concept of science

Phenomenology, technology and phenomenological geography
25 Descriptive phenomenology and science
25a Sciences of truth and sciences of essence
25b Descriptive phenomenology
26 Phenomenology, technology and lifeworld
26a The lifeworld ontology
26b The sciences and the lifeworld
26c The technology of the lifeworld
26d Lifeworld and transcendental phenomenology

Towards a primary ontology of science
27 Phenomenology and a basic ontology of science
28 technological know-how and objectivation in geography
28a How does theoretical discovery arise?
28b the standard international and the theoretical attitude
29 the improvement of technological know-how and the concept that of 'progress'
30 Human technology and objectification
31 Rigour and exactitude in science
32 thought and its succeed in and carry over nature and world
33 technological know-how and the lived world

PART IV HUMAN technological know-how, WORLDHOOD, AND SPATIALITY
Implications for the human sciences and a human technology of geography
34 Phenomenology
35 Phenomenology and the technology of geography
36 in the direction of a proper projective human science
37 Husserl and human science
38 in the direction of a proper and a priori 'mathesis of spiritand of humanity'
39 The existential analytic and the human sciences
40 The existential analytic and the 'natural notion of the world' (or lifeworld)

Towards an realizing of human spatiality
41 Geography, global and space
42 international and worldhood
43 Space
43a The technological view of space
43b The spatiality of the present-at-hand
44 the standard mode of being-in-the-world
45 The spatiality of the ready-to-hand: locations and regions
46 house and science
47 Man's spatiality
48 house and man's spatiality
49 position and area: implications for a nearby ontology of spatiality for a geographical human technological know-how

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He claims that only in third person perspective or in objective thinking, the arm is simply lost or absent. Even if I do not perish when my arm is Sara Heiniimaa 43 amputated, I still experience the missing arm as part of me; it is not simply absent but ambiguously present to me (Merleau-Ponty 1993,90-101/76-85). 18. Note also that for Descartes, the brain is the principal location of thought, not its only location. 19. Cf. Koivuniemi 2002 . 20. Cf. Marleen Rozemond's recent complaint: "it is difficult to see how on Descartes' conception of mind and body a composite of these two can constitute such a unified individual" (1998 , 139).

The term 's uspension' is thus always misunderstood when it is thought that in suspending the thesis of existence and by doing so, phenomenological reflection simply has nothin g more to do with the entity. Quite the contrary: in an extreme and uniqu e way, what really is at issue now is the determ ination of the being of thc very entity" (Heidegge r 1979, 136). 4. , as reflections on such issues as facticity, birth , death, fate, history, etc. (Hua I, 182 ). Ultimately, it is this line of thought that leads to Husserl ' s philosophical theology (cr.

VI. Cartesianische Meditation I. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1988. " Kleine Schriften Ill. B. Mohr, 1972, 150-189. " In S. Laycock & J. ): Essays in Philosophical Theology . Albany : SUNY Press , 1986, 89-168. : Wegmarken . Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1978. : Prolegomena zur Geschichte des Zeitbegriffs. Gesamtausgabe Band 20. Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann, 1979. : Sein und Zeit. Tiibingen : Max Niemeyer, 1986. : Cartesianische Meditationen und Pariser Vortriige. Husserliana I. Ed.

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