By Ladislav Votruba (Eds.)
Water source structures learn offers a foundation for rational water administration in huge basins. The layout and operation of water source platforms are either the main complex and an important initiatives of water administration. This publication bargains with the elemental matters considering the applying of platforms sciences to water administration. A survey of the structures sciences (the normal structures conception, cybernetics, platforms engineering, operations study and structures research) is gifted, in addition to the tools for water source platforms research and for water source platforms research and for his or her assessment. The mathematical equipment utilized in platforms conception were given specified therapy. Linear and dynamic programming were used as types of optimum programming. considering many functional initiatives require the simulation types of water source platforms, except their ideas and an in depth description, the simulation language for computing programming has been integrated. different equipment of operations learn and their program to water source platforms were analysed and evaluated.
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Therefore, the problem increasing system reliability is often dealt with in theory. The tools for achieving this increase may be: - the installation of slack facilities or their parts (“redundancy”), - simplicity of the structure, - the use of standard and reliable parts, - reduction in design load. In decision-making generally, two questions may be raised : a) How would an average person decide in a given situation? g. ) b) What is the best decision in the given situation? In WRS view b) is often applied which should lead to a logically correct decision.
1961), b) In the ,field of cybernetics: - cybernetics (Wiener, 1948; Ashby, 1956; von Bertalanffy, 1962; Maruyama, 1963), - cybernetics in air-defence artillery (Wiener, 1961). , 1970), - theory of abstract automata (Arbib, 1969), - theory of adaptation (Ashby, 1940; MesaroviC, 1963), - theory of regulation (automqic control) (Ashby, 1956; Kalman, 1958), - theory of groups (Kurosh, 1953; Hall, 1959), - topology (Bourbaki, 1951; Leeman, 1962; Langefors, 1966), - information theory (Shannon, 1948; Goldman, 1953; Khinchin, 1954; Kolmogorov, 1956), - information theory in psychology (Attneave, 1959), - mathematical theory of communication (Shannon-Weaier, 1949), - communication theory in secret systems (Shannon, 1948), c) In the field of systems engineering: - systems engineering (Goode-Macho], 1957; Hall, 1962; Chestnut, 1967), - systems programming (Habr, 1965), - decision theory (Chernoff-Moses, 1959; Raiffa-Schlaifer, 1961), - engineering psychology (Lewin, 1936), d) In the ,field of' operations research: - operations research (Morse-Kimball, 1951; Churchman-Ackoff-Arnoff, 1957), - graph theory (Euler, 1736), - network analysis of complex activities (Berge, 1958; Ford-Fulkerson, 1962), - structural analysis (Vepiek, 1970), - econometrics (Tinbergen, 1957), - mathematical economy (Baumont, 1961; Nemchinoff, 1964; Mansfield, 1966), - the theory of queues (Got-Smith, 1961; Saaty, 1961; Kaufman-Cruon, 1962), - the theory of replacement (Cox, 1962), 34 Systems engineering, for example, was developed from industrial cngineering with specific objectives and methods of organization of work.
Much closer interrelations exist in the systems and cascades of modern reservoirs. The first dams were designed as isolated items (although at the beginning of the 20th century a flood control system of reservoirs was designed and built on the Nisa River). g. WRS for the water supply in the Ostrava region see Chapter 12). Such an attempt at the comprehensive treatment of problems by considering interrelationships was repeated in other branches of science, too. ) who were conscious of the necessity to treat problems comprehensively.
Analysis of Water Resource Systems by Ladislav Votruba (Eds.)