This quantity represents the 1st which interfaces with astronomy because the fulcrum of the sciences. It offers complete expression to the human ardour for the skies. Advancing human civilization has spread out and matured this ardour into the excellent technological know-how of astronomy. Advancing science’s quest for the 1st rules of life meets the ontopoietic generative trademarks of lifestyles, the focus of the hot Enlightenment. It provides quite a few views illustrating how the interaction among people and the celestial realm has educated civilizational tendencies. students and philosophers debate in physics and biology, the findings of that are establishing a extra inclusive, wider photo of the universe. the several types of the common order and of lifestyles right here offered, all aiming on the first rules of existence―accord with the phenomenology/ontopoiesis of existence in the logos-prompted primogenital movement of turning into and motion, which issues to a way forward for progressing tradition.
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The vintage belief of human transcendental recognition assumes its self-supporting existential prestige in the horizon of life-world, nature and earth. but this assumed absoluteness doesn't entail the character of its powers, neither their constitutive strength. This latter demand an existential resource achieving past the generative life-world community.
1 technology and man
2 technological know-how and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context
PART I GEOGRAPHY and conventional METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its critical themes
6 uncomplicated options of technology and the strategy acceptable to ontology
7 Objectivism and subjectivism
8 Positivism and naturalism
8a The a-historical nature of positivism
8b The Enlightenment and positivism
8c Naturalism and idealism
9 Kantian ontology of fabric nature
10 Conceptions of actual area and geography
10a The emergence of geography as an summary, theoretical science
10b Social physics
11 actual house, cognitive behaviouralism and the flip to subjectivity
12 The mode of being attribute of geographical objects
PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
13 The phenomenological foundation of geography
14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and useful research
15 techniques to geographical phenomenology
15a the mandatory contrast among humanism and geography
16 The view of science
16a Phenomenology as criticism
16b Phenomenology as anti-science
16c The foundational function of phenomenology
16d Phenomena of lived experience
17 The flip to the lifeworld, and the paradox of flooring and object
18 The phenomenological method
Geographical phenomenology: a critique of its foundations
19 The metaphysics of geographical phenomenology
20 Humanism and the confusion of the 'objective' and the 'subjective'
20a Subjectivity and intentionality
20c The 'things themselves', 'consciousness' and 'the challenge of the target world'
21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
21a Phenomenology and standards of validity
22 The flip to Schiitz's constitutive phenomenology and justifying a go back to Husserl
PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
23 what's phenomenology?
23a Phenomenology: its origins and foundations
23b The traditional attitude
23c Empirical technological know-how and natural science
23d unique intuition
23c Phenomena and intentionality
24 the necessity for phenomenology
24a The problem of distance among technology and life
24b The critique of the optimistic sciences
24c The constitution of the area and 'objects' of science
24d Phenomenology and the guiding notion of science
Phenomenology, technology and phenomenological geography
25 Descriptive phenomenology and science
25a Sciences of truth and sciences of essence
25b Descriptive phenomenology
26 Phenomenology, technology and lifeworld
26a The lifeworld ontology
26b The sciences and the lifeworld
26c The technological know-how of the lifeworld
26d Lifeworld and transcendental phenomenology
Towards a primary ontology of science
27 Phenomenology and a primary ontology of science
28 technological know-how and objectivation in geography
28a How does theoretical discovery arise?
28b the standard global and the theoretical attitude
29 the advance of technological know-how and the concept that of 'progress'
30 Human technology and objectification
31 Rigour and exactitude in science
32 idea and its achieve and carry over nature and world
33 technological know-how and the lived world
PART IV HUMAN technology, WORLDHOOD, AND SPATIALITY
Implications for the human sciences and a human technology of geography
35 Phenomenology and the technological know-how of geography
36 in the direction of a proper projective human science
37 Husserl and human science
38 in the direction of a proper and a priori 'mathesis of spiritand of humanity'
39 The existential analytic and the human sciences
40 The existential analytic and the 'natural notion of the world' (or lifeworld)
Towards an figuring out of human spatiality
41 Geography, international and space
42 international and worldhood
43a The technological view of space
43b The spatiality of the present-at-hand
44 the standard mode of being-in-the-world
45 The spatiality of the ready-to-hand: areas and regions
46 area and science
47 Man's spatiality
48 area and man's spatiality
49 position and house: implications for a neighborhood ontology of spatiality for a geographical human technology
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Extra info for Astronomy and Civilization in the New Enlightenment: Passions of the Skies (Analecta Husserliana, Volume 107)
It is usual to think that life cannot be defined exactly and exhaustively; that is, according to the laws of physics. Yet life can be understood as the universally F O U N D AT I O N O F T H E U N I V E R S A L S C I E N C E 25 common property of all living organisms. This understanding underscores the Bauer-principle’s definition of living organisms. The Bauer-principle tells: The living and only the living systems are never in equilibrium, and, on the debit of their free energy, they continuously invest work against the realization of the equilibrium which should occur within the given outer conditions on the basis of the physical and chemical laws (Bauer, 1935/1967, pp.
It belongs to the very F O U N D AT I O N O F T H E U N I V E R S A L S C I E N C E 21 nature of the least action principle that it refers to an end state. Regarding this basic fact, it can be regarded as surprising that most physicists think that teleology is alien in physics. Certainly, this type of physical teleology is different from teleology that is characteristically present in biology. In biology, teleology is characterized by action in which the end state corresponds to biological needs or ends, and the living organism can contribute to the determination of its endpoints.
140). The third difficulty is that the actual meaning of physical action has fundamental biological meaning. “The computation of the action is similar to that done by an accountant determining the total profit of a business for any given production strategy. The businessman naturally tries to maximize the total profit by following the most advantageous history” (Zee, 1986, p. 107). Actually, the most fundamental meaning of the action principle is that the action is a cost function (Rosen, 1967, pp.
Astronomy and Civilization in the New Enlightenment: Passions of the Skies (Analecta Husserliana, Volume 107)