By Phillip Clark
Atlas of medical Avian Hematology is a realistic advisor to the hematological features of birds. Illustrated all through with many colour pictures, this wealthy source aids interpretation of hematological info, and promotes the actual class of hematological cells and identity of pathological changes.
Covering over a hundred species of birds, the Atlas illustrates the final hematological features of birds; the hematological diversifications encountered among the various Orders of birds; and the hematological responses to sickness of birds, utilizing medical situations from many species of birds and more than a few medical disorders.
- Describes tips to acquire and deal with blood samples from birds to top defend the standard of the blood.
- Highly illustrated, colour advisor to the hematological features of birds
- Case facts and pictures illustrates the avian hematological responses to disease
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Additional info for Atlas of Clinical Avian Hematology
Figure 53 Blood from a New Zealand blue duck (Hymenolaimus malacorhynchus) illustrating several “types” of erythroid cells that may be distinguished by light microscopy including: mature erythrocytes, a polychromatophilic erythrocyte (arrow-head) and an anucleated erythrocyte or “erythroplastid” (arrow). ) General hematological characteristics of birds 37 Figure 54 Blood from a Mindanao bleeding heart dove (Gallicolumba criniger) illustrating mature erythrocytes, a polychromatophilic erythrocyte and an erythroplastid.
This method is typically more time consuming than the other methods described, particularly as the films must be stained by manual methods. After staining, the Staining blood films See Figures 22–32. The staining of slides allows cellular detail to be visualized and the tinctorial characteristics of standardized staining methods have been used to classify hematological cells (viz, “eosinophils” and “basophils”). Poor quality staining of a blood film will decrease the value of the film. Inadequately stained samples do not allow fine cellular detail to be visualized.
As an alternative, some authors have suggested that “estimation” of the leukocyte concentration from a blood film to provide an indication of the leukocyte concentration (Campbell and Dein 1984, Woepel & Rosskopf 1984). These methods have been employed by a number of researchers to estimate the leukocyte concentration of small birds (Tidemann et al. 1992, Ots & Horak 1998, Acquarone et al. 2002, Mazerolle & Hobson 2002, Ilmonen et al. 2003, Saks et al. 2003, Davis et al. 2004, Dunbar et al. 2005, Owen & Moore 2006).
Atlas of Clinical Avian Hematology by Phillip Clark