By Mark Richard Miller, Rex Miller

ISBN-10: 0764579819

ISBN-13: 9780764579813

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Read Online or Download Audel Carpenters and Builders Math, Plans, and Specifications, All New 7th Edition (Audel Technical Trades Series, Volume 23) PDF

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Extra resources for Audel Carpenters and Builders Math, Plans, and Specifications, All New 7th Edition (Audel Technical Trades Series, Volume 23)

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Bolts are used to connect two or more pieces of material when a very strong connection is required. 40 Chapter 1 Various forms of bolts are manufactured to meet the demands and requirements of the building trade. The common machine bolt has a square or hexagonal head. The carriage bolt has a round head; the stove bolt has a round or countersunk head with a single slot. Lock washers are used to prevent nuts from loosening. Other fasteners are the toggle, Molly, and expansion bolt. Review Questions 1.

Rapid surface drying also greatly decreases the incidence of chemical and sticker stain, blue stain, and decay. Air-drying is an economical seasoning method when carried out in a well-designed yard or shed, with proper piling practices (see Figure 2-6) and in favorable drying weather. In cold or humid weather, air-drying is slow and cannot readily reduce wood moisture to levels suitable for rapid kiln-drying or for use. In kiln drying, higher temperatures and fast air circulation are used to increase the drying rate considerably.

What type of head is generally found on a machine bolt? What is meant by threads per inch? Explain the purpose of lock washers. What is an expansion bolt? Chapter 2 Wood as a Building Material Wood is the most versatile, most useful building material, and a general knowledge of the physical characteristics of various woods used in building is important for carpenters and builders. Growth and Structure of Wood Wood, like all plant material, is made up of cells (or fibers) that, when magnified, have an appearance similar to (though less regular than) that of the common honeycomb.

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Audel Carpenters and Builders Math, Plans, and Specifications, All New 7th Edition (Audel Technical Trades Series, Volume 23) by Mark Richard Miller, Rex Miller


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