By World Bank

ISBN-10: 0821355473

ISBN-13: 9780821355473

Brazil ranks one of the greatest international locations on this planet, by way of its humans, its landmass, and its financial system. it really is endowed with a hugely entrepreneurial humans, wealthy cultural background, beneficial usual assets, well-developed socio-political associations and a worldly economic system. over the past a long time, Brazil has made gigantic growth, particularly in its social signs and it monetary institutions.

Brazil―Equitable, aggressive, Sustainable presents quite a number coverage info ready via the realm Bank's Brazil crew with companions in the course of 2002. It goals to give a contribution to the dialogue in Brazil and somewhere else approximately public guidelines to be formulated via the Brazilian governments for the interval 2003-2006, and past, in addition to being a automobile to replace classes of expertise from Brazil to the remainder of the area and vice versa.

The details provided during this booklet is equipped alongside 5 overarching topics: making an investment in humans; enhancing productiveness; dealing with normal assets; offering govt prone to all; and stabilizing the financial system. half I brings contributions on schooling, future health and social safeguard, and discusses human and social defense, and human and social capital demanding situations. half II is targeted on finance, infrastructure, inner most area improvement, and innovation and expertise matters, summing up the adventure and perspectives on actual capital and funding weather. half III corresponds to common capital and caliber of lifestyles concerns, bringing messages on woodland use and conservation, rural improvement, ordinary assets, and concrete and water providers. eventually half IV addresses the prerequisite for the opposite topics, interpreting stipulations for macroeconomic balance, monetary sustainability, and strong governance.

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Better court administration, court schedules, and supervision of less experienced judges by more seasoned judges could help. In the long term, as with the police, a responsible press, legal scholars, law schools, and politicians could help raise public awareness and create a public constituency for judicial reform. Another key ingredient would be penal reform. Most Brazilian prisons do not meet minimum international standards for safety and security. Investments will be necessary to raise both physical plant and prison programs to adequate standards.

Improved resolution procedures for default and bankruptcy could further cut intermediation costs. Less financial sector taxation and improved bankruptcy procedures would reduce bank spreads. Much has been done to improve access to financial services, but they could be more evenly distributed geographically, with coverage especially increased in the North and Northeast. Small entrepreneurs rely heavily on retained earnings. Stronger capital markets and nonbank financial institutions could fill some of the financing gap.

Economic growth will undoubtedly help. But growth other than from rising productivity may increase external vulnerability: other steps are urgent. Figure 5. Federal bonded debt, 1994–2000 (percent of GDP) Note: For the same period, increases in state and municipal net debt have been approximately offset by reductions in the debt of state owned enterprises. S. P. Garcia, 2002, “Debt Management in Brazil: Evaluation of the Real Plan and Challenges Ahead,” International Journal of Finance and Economics 7 (1).

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Brazil - Equitable, Competitive, Sustainable. by World Bank

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