By Maria Kurpaska
The main target of the publication is to track the present structuring of the chinese language language(s) at the flooring of chinese language linguistics. The examine offered is predicated at the latest and most famous resources, specifically the nice Dictionary of contemporary chinese language Dialects, and the Language Atlas of China. the writer discusses the position the nice Dictionary performs in interpreting the spectrum of linguistic differentiation in China and provides a close account of the type of details the dictionary offers. As history, she sketches the improvement and present kingdom of chinese language dialectology and dialect learn. one of many author's goals is to teach recognize for the grand success the Dictionary surely is, but in addition to stress a severe distance to a couple of the perspectives offered in it. except being an research of this actual Dictionary, the publication provides information in regards to the country of contemporary chinese language dialectology. It presents information regarding diverse classifications of the dialects and explains on what foundation the classifications are made. chinese language dialectology from a Western perspective, the writer goals to appreciate and current the chinese language standpoint. The ebook fills a massive hole within the box of Western sinology. to this point, regardless of full of life discussions in regards to the prestige of the forms of chinese language and their taxonomy, full-scale reviews on chinese language dialects were virtually non-existent within the Western global.
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Extra info for Chinese Language(s): A Look through the Prism of The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs)
2004: 57). ). 1. Lexical criteria “Specific dialectal words” ˄ᮍ㿔⡍⅞䆡䇁 fƗngyán tèshǌ cíy· or ᮍ㿔⡍ ᕕ䆡 fƗngyán tèzhƝng cí˅ are the most important factor for the classification of dialects. They are extracted through comparison of dialectal vocabulary of various places (cf. ). Because the variation of vocabulary is extensive, and the influence of other dialects is quite strong, there are few words which are uniform in the area in question and salient in comparison with other areas. Some words can be specific to a few dialect groups at the same time, while they are not found in other dialects.
Cf. Zhan Bohui 2002: 347; You Rujie 2000: 50). The synchronic aspects refer to the differences between modern dialects as well as to their special features. 1. Phonetic characteristics Traditionally, the phonetic characteristics have been most widely applied and are still considered the most important parameters for dialect classification (cf. Wang Futang 2005: 58–59; Li Rulong 1996b: 20). This chapter presents the views of some of the scholars on phonetic criteria since the beginning of the 1980s.
8. Whether or not the distinction between the literary and colloquial pronunciation ˄᭛ⱑᓖ䇏 wénbái yìdú˅ exists; is it a widespread phenomenon? 9. Whether or not in polysyllabic words the mutation of initials, finals or tones occurs; if so, does it concern individual syllables or bigger units; what types do the rules for the changes belong to? 10. ), if so, does it concern a small number of characters or is it a large scale phenomenon? Specific criteria: 1. Does the opposition between long and short vowels exist, or does the ܹໄ rùshƝng divide into long and short?
Chinese Language(s): A Look through the Prism of The Great Dictionary of Modern Chinese Dialects (Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs) by Maria Kurpaska