By J Wilczynski
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Additional resources for Comparative Monetary Economics: Capitalist and Socialist Monetary Systems and their Interrelations in the Changing International Scene
These markets may include accepting houses, issuing houses, switch dealers and various financial intermediaries, hire purchase companies, personal loan companies, building societies, land finance companies, insurance companies, superannuation and pension funds, and to this list we may add stock exchanges. By contrast, as T. M. ' 15 In each Socialist country not only is the banking system simple and relatively undifferentiated, but it also lacks the support of the financial institutions typical of developed capitalist countries.
These twin institutions have been traditionally dominated by the most developed and largest capitalist countries (see ch. I5 AB, PP· 244-5I). (b) Regional Banking Institutions. The Bank for International Settlements, founded in I930 and based in Basel, is concerned with promoting cooperation amongst central banks. Its membership (shareholding) includes central banks and certain other financial institutions in 30 countries, of which 23 are Western and 7 are Socialist (Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Yugoslavia).
7 This being the case, bank failures occasionally mark the financial scene, with all the adverse repercussions on the economy, such as those during 1973-74, caused largely by currency speculation. 8 'Extension of State Ownership of Central Banks', Intern. , MayJune 1974, PP· 46-9. A. Development and Structure 21 centres of the whole capitalist system .... Only by nationalising the banks can the state put itself in a position to know where and how, whence and when, millions and billions of rubles flow.
Comparative Monetary Economics: Capitalist and Socialist Monetary Systems and their Interrelations in the Changing International Scene by J Wilczynski