By Michael Sukale (auth.)

ISBN-10: 9024717892

ISBN-13: 9789024717897

ISBN-10: 9400999992

ISBN-13: 9789400999992

The essays that are accumulated during this e-book have been written at a variety of periods over the last seven years. The essay "Heidegger and Dewey," that's the final one to be published within the ebook, was once truly the 1st one I wrote. It used to be written as a seminar paper for John D. Goheen's direction on Dewey within the Spring of 1968 at Stanford college the place i used to be a second-year graduate pupil. The paper went unchanged into my thesis "Four experiences in Phenomenology and Pragmatism," which i ultimately submitted in 1971, and it's right here reprinted without alteration aside from the identify. a primary model of the 2 essays on Sartre used to be written within the Spring of 1969 in the course of my first 12 months of training at Princeton college. Even­ tually i made a decision to wreck the essay into elements. A shortened model of "Sartre and the Cartesian Ego" used to be learn on the jap department assembly of the yank Philosophical organization in December 1973.

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Introduction
1 technological know-how and man
2 technological know-how and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context

PART I GEOGRAPHY and standard METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its significant themes
6 easy suggestions of technological know-how and the tactic acceptable to ontology
7 Objectivism and subjectivism
8 Positivism and naturalism
8a The a-historical nature of positivism
8b The Enlightenment and positivism
8c Naturalism and idealism
9 Kantian ontology of fabric nature
10 Conceptions of actual area and geography
10a The emergence of geography as an summary, theoretical science
10b Social physics
11 actual area, cognitive behaviouralism and the flip to subjectivity
12 The mode of being attribute of geographical objects

PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
13 The phenomenological foundation of geography
14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and useful research
15 ways to geographical phenomenology
15a the required contrast among humanism and geography
15b Existentialism
16 The view of science
16a Phenomenology as criticism
16b Phenomenology as anti-science
16c The foundational function of phenomenology
16d Phenomena of lived experience
17 The flip to the lifeworld, and the paradox of floor and object
18 The phenomenological method
18a Intentionality

Geographical phenomenology: a critique of its foundations
19 The metaphysics of geographical phenomenology
20 Humanism and the confusion of the 'objective' and the 'subjective'
20a Subjectivity and intentionality
20b Individualism
20c The 'things themselves', 'consciousness' and 'the challenge of the target world'
2od Idealism
21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
21a Phenomenology and standards of validity
22 The flip to Schiitz's constitutive phenomenology and justifying a go back to Husserl

PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
23 what's phenomenology?
23a Phenomenology: its origins and foundations
23b The common attitude
23c Empirical technology and natural science
23d unique intuition
23c Phenomena and intentionality
24 the necessity for phenomenology
24a The concern of distance among technological know-how and life
24b The critique of the optimistic sciences
24c The constitution of the realm and 'objects' of science
24d Phenomenology and the guiding inspiration of science

Phenomenology, technological know-how and phenomenological geography
25 Descriptive phenomenology and science
25a Sciences of truth and sciences of essence
25b Descriptive phenomenology
26 Phenomenology, technology and lifeworld
26a The lifeworld ontology
26b The sciences and the lifeworld
26c The technological know-how of the lifeworld
26d Lifeworld and transcendental phenomenology

Towards a primary ontology of science
27 Phenomenology and a primary ontology of science
28 technology and objectivation in geography
28a How does theoretical discovery arise?
28b the standard global and the theoretical attitude
29 the advance of technological know-how and the concept that of 'progress'
30 Human technological know-how and objectification
31 Rigour and exactitude in science
32 idea and its succeed in and carry over nature and world
33 technological know-how and the lived world

PART IV HUMAN technological know-how, WORLDHOOD, AND SPATIALITY
Implications for the human sciences and a human technology of geography
34 Phenomenology
35 Phenomenology and the technology of geography
36 in the direction of a proper projective human science
37 Husserl and human science
38 in the direction of a proper and a priori 'mathesis of spiritand of humanity'
39 The existential analytic and the human sciences
40 The existential analytic and the 'natural perception of the world' (or lifeworld)

Towards an realizing of human spatiality
41 Geography, global and space
42 international and worldhood
43 Space
43a The technological view of space
43b The spatiality of the present-at-hand
44 the standard mode of being-in-the-world
45 The spatiality of the ready-to-hand: areas and regions
46 area and science
47 Man's spatiality
48 house and man's spatiality
49 position and area: implications for a nearby ontology of spatiality for a geographical human technological know-how

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Additional resources for Comparative Studies in Phenomenology

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E. they are stated without the ceteris paribus clause and they also have no factual content (Existenzialgehalt). Could it not be that psychological laws are of the same sort or will be some time? HusserI does not deny this possibility, but he insists that there is a difference between the law as it is normally stated and the law which is actually justified. Thus, Newton's law of gravitation may be stated as exact law without presupposing the actual existence of masses for example, but such a law was never justified: The law of gravitation, as formulated in astronomy, has never really been proved.

The point is that the dependence of an event on some mind does not make it necessarily impenetrable for objective claims about it. e. things which are independent of any mind) then both forms of psychologism are guilty of treating something subjective as if it were objective. In view of this it seems wise to drop Frege's characterization of Hussed's early failures as constituting a good definition for general psychologism and to retain only the second part, which is also emphasized by Husserl in his Formal and Transcendental Logic.

This is why (B) is connected with 24 THE PROBLEM OF PSYCHOLOGISM (A) without being equivalent to or even consistent with any of the claims (C)-(F). It seems that we can extract two claims, one of which is the weakening of the other, and both of which can be called psychologistic claims. I will call them "strong logical psychologism" and "weak logical psychologism" respectively. The weaker claim is implied by the stronger one, and also implied by (B). This weak claim is essentially a reformulation of (A).

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