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ISBN-10: 1607877279

ISBN-13: 9781607877271

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Extra resources for CSET General Science 118, 119 Teacher Certification, 2nd Edition (XAM CSET)

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13 Identify characteristics of the sun and other stars and devices and techniques for collecting data about stars The sun is considered the nearest star to earth that produces solar energy by the process of nuclear fusion; hydrogen gas is converted to helium gas. Energy flows out of the core to the surface, radiation then escapes into space. Parts of the sun include: (1) core, the inner portion of the sun where fusion takes place; (2) photosphere, considered the surface of the sun which produces sunspots (cool, dark areas that can be seen on its surface); (3) chromosphere, where hydrogen gas causes this portion to be red in color; solar flares (sudden brightness of the chromosphere) and solar prominences (gases that shoot outward from the chromosphere) found in the chromosphere; and (4) corona, the transparent area of sun visible only during a total eclipse.

The second layer is called the thermocline and it becomes increasingly colder as its depth increases. This change is due to the lack of energy from sunlight. The layer below the thermocline continues to the deep dark, very cold, and semi-barren ocean floor. Oozes - the name given to the sediment that contains at least 30% plant or animal shell fragments. Ooze contains calcium carbonate. Deposits that form directly from sea water in the place where they are found are called: Authigenic deposits - manganese nodules are authigenic deposits found over large areas of the ocean floor.

Faults in which the dominant displacement is horizontal movement along the trend or strike (length) of the fault are called strike-slip faults. When a large strike-slip fault is associated with plate boundaries, it is called a transform fault. The San Andreas Fault in California is a well-known transform fault. Faults that have both vertical and horizontal movement are called oblique-slip faults. When lava cools, igneous rock is formed. This formation can occur either above ground or below ground.

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CSET General Science 118, 119 Teacher Certification, 2nd Edition (XAM CSET) by Xamonline

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