By Sanjeev Khagram

Titanic dams outfitted for irrigation, energy, water provide, and different reasons have been one of the so much effective symbols of monetary improvement for a lot of the 20 th century. Of overdue they've got develop into a lightning rod for demanding situations to this imaginative and prescient of improvement as anything deliberate by means of elites with scant regard for environmental and social consequences—especially for the populations which are displaced as their homelands are flooded. during this publication, Sanjeev Khagram lines adjustments in our rules of what constitutes applicable improvement in the course of the moving transnational dynamics of huge dam construction.

Khagram tells the tale of a turning out to be, yet contentious, global society that includes novel and more and more efficacious norms of acceptable habit in such parts as human rights and environmental safety. The transnational coalitions and networks led by means of nongovernmental teams that espouse such norms could appear susceptible compared to states, agencies, and such overseas companies because the global financial institution. but they turned an increasing number of powerful at changing the guidelines and practices of those traditionally extra strong actors and organisations from the Nineteen Seventies on.

Khagram develops those claims in an in depth ethnographic account of the transnational struggles round the Narmada River Valley Dam tasks in vital India, a massive complicated of thirty huge and greater than 3 thousand small dams. He bargains additional substantiation via a comparative historic research of the political economic system of massive dam initiatives in India, Brazil, South Africa, and China in addition to by means of analyzing the altering habit of overseas organizations and worldwide businesses. the writer concludes with a dialogue of the area fee on Dams, an leading edge try within the overdue Nineteen Nineties to generate new norms between conflicting stakeholders.

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The World Bank) from supporting China in its endeavor to build the mammoth Three Gorges Project, construction has continued. But the case of the Three Gorges does highlight that even when transnationally allied anti-dam activity has encountered unfavorable domestic-level conditions, it has increasingly been able to have a noticeable and non-negligible effect on development processes and outcomes. In the sixth and final chapter of this book, I correspondingly investigate the formation and institutionalization of a transnational anti-dam network and its effects on big dam building dynamics, particularly at the international level with respect to the policies and practices of the World Bank and other powerful prodam actors.

21 But delays in the formulation and implementation of these projects also became increasingly common in India during this period. 1. Big Dams in India Completed height (meters) Prior to 1950 1951-1982 15-30 30-99 100-149 over 150 171 31 710 0 8 0 2 Total 202 883 163 Source: Compiled from Central Board of Irrigation and Power, Large Dams in India, vol. 1, no. 197 (New Delhi: Central Board of Irrigation and Power, October 1987), 205. Dams, Democracy, and Development in India 37 vey of 192 major river valley projects begun from 1950 to 1980, only 42 were found to have been completed as of 1984.

In the sixth and final chapter of this book, I correspondingly investigate the formation and institutionalization of a transnational anti-dam network and its effects on big dam building dynamics, particularly at the international level with respect to the policies and practices of the World Bank and other powerful prodam actors. I also examine two critical transnational gatherings that took place in the late 1990s. The first conference contributed to the building of a transnational anti-dam network by bringing together critics and dam-affected peoples from twenty different countries.

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Dams and Development: Transnational Struggles for Water and Power by Sanjeev Khagram


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