By American Water Works Association
Water and wastewater utilities has to be ready for any form of emergency. Public healthiness needs to be safe and repair needs to be maintained or fast restored.
Manual M19 provides thoughts for constructing contingency plans for quite a few emergencies from ordinary mess ups to human-caused crises. The guide explains the best way to enhance an emergency preparedness plan, how you can determine vulnerabilities on your water method, and the way to figure out how a disruption could most likely impression carrier
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Additional info for Emergency Planning for Water Utilities
Copyright © 2012 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved. Copyright © 2012 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved. Figure 3-9 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! Earthquakes ! ! Tornados ! ! Hurricanes Disaster effects matrix Administration/operations Personnel Facilities/equipment Records Source water Watersheds/surface sources Reservoirs and dams Groundwater sources Wells and galleries Transmission Intake structures Aqueducts Pump stations Pipelines, valves Treatment Facility structures Controls Equipment Chemicals Storage Tanks Valves Piping Distribution Pipelines, valves Pump or PRV stations Materials Electric power Substations Transmission lines Transformers Standby generators Transportation Vehicles Maintenance facilities Supplies Roadway infrastructure Communications Telephone Two-way radio Telemetry System Components— Likely damage, loss, or shortage due to hazards Floods !
Copyright © 2012 American Water Works Association. All Rights Reserved. AWWA MANUAL Chapter M19 4 Mitigation Actions Vulnerable components identified in the previous chapter can be rendered less susceptible to harm through mitigation actions—actions intended to eliminate or reduce the damaging effects of disasters. Mitigation actions cover a wide variety of activities and can be as complex as retrofitting a treatment plant or as simple as strapping down a chlorine tank or storing enough spare tires.
Provide automatic shutdown capability to avoid voltage or phase fluctuation that may cause damage. Batteries. Batteries for backup instrumentation power or starting generators should be firmly anchored to prevent toppling. They should be raised off the floor to prevent potential water damage. Inspect and service all batteries at regular intervals. Telemetry. A radio system with adequate backup power can provide a replacement for broken cables or downed phone lines. Provide lightning-strike protection if needed.
Emergency Planning for Water Utilities by American Water Works Association