By James R Millar

ISBN-10: 0028656938

ISBN-13: 9780028656939

ISBN-10: 0028656946

ISBN-13: 9780028656946

ISBN-10: 0028656954

ISBN-13: 9780028656953

ISBN-10: 0028656962

ISBN-13: 9780028656960

ISBN-10: 0028656970

ISBN-13: 9780028656977

ISBN-10: 0028659074

ISBN-13: 9780028659077

Offering a entire dialogue of Russia's humans, politics, economics, faith and social platforms, the ''Encyclopedia of Russian historical past enhances the learn of comparative politics, global historical past, geography, literature, arts and tradition and international cultures. With nearly 1,600 entries and 500 illustrations, this four-volume set spans the time from the earliest beginnings of the Russian country to the increase and fall of the Soviet Union

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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Russian History Vol 2 (E-L)

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For many Russians, a distinction existed between Russian and Soviet identity. F R I E D R I C H leading to the collapse of one of the world’s great land-based empires. See also: COLONIAL EXPANSION; COLONIALISM; NATION- ALITIES POLICIES, SOVIET; NATIONALITIES POLICIES, TSARIST; UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS BIBLIOGRAPHY COLLAPSE OF THE SOVIET EMPIRE Debate continues over the causes of the collapse of the USSR and specifically the extent to which Soviet handling of its multiethnic empire was responsible for it.

In 1950 the government proposed to turn over more than 85 percent of the protected territories to the agriculture and timber ministries. Environmentalism of a grassroots and broadbased variety finally began to develop after Stalin’s death. VOOP had expanded to some nineteen million members, but it existed primarily to funnel extorted dues into dubious land-reclamation schemes. The real impetus for environmentalism came during the early 1960s in response to a plan to build a large pulp and paper combine on Lake Baikal.

Ivan IV’s mad oprichnina (1565–1572) caused up to 85 percent depopulation of certain areas of old Muscovy. Recent state expansion and annexations encouraged peasants disconcerted by oprichnina chaos to flee for the first time to areas north of the Volga, to the newly annexed Kazan and Astrakhan khanates, and to areas south of the Oka in the steppe that the government was beginning to secure. ” His statement ordering peasants “to obey their lords in everything” also began the abasement of the serfs by making them subject to landlord control.

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Encyclopedia of Russian History Vol 2 (E-L) by James R Millar

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