By Penelope D. Johnson
During this learn of the way during which medieval nuns lived, Penelope Johnson demanding situations facile stereotypes of nuns residing passively below monastic rule, discovering as an alternative that jointly they have been empowered through their communal privileges and standing to imagine and act with out the various subordinate attitudes of secular ladies. within the phrases of 1 abbess evaluating nuns with priests, they have been "different as to their intercourse yet equivalent of their monastic profession." Johnson researched greater than dozen nunneries in northern France from the 11th century during the 13th century, balancing a qualitative examining of medieval monastic records with a quantitative research of a long thirteenth-century visitation checklist which permits a huge comparability of nuns and priests. a desirable examine the area of medieval spirituality, this paintings enriches our knowing of women's position in premodern Europe and in church background.
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Additional info for Equal in Monastic Profession: Religious Women in Medieval France (Women in Culture and Society)
40. Colette Blanc, "Le~ pratiques de piete des lalcs dans les pays du Bas-Rhone aux XIe et XIIe siecles," Ann'ales du Midi 72(1960): 144. 24 CONNECTING LINKS cheaper to endow the girls' entry into the religious life than into the married state. 41 An absolute confirmation or refutation of this explanation is not possible, since most dowries were composed of property whose relative values cannot be compared with any exactitude. However, a small but significant number of cases involved only money; from these we can indeed conclude that girls' monastic dowries generally took less out of their parent's pockets than did their marriage portions.
Poitiers, BM, MS. 27, p. 147. This oblation is dated to 1232. 25. Cartulaire de Notre-Dame de Voisins, p. 79, no. 76, 1262. 26. Cartulaire de 1'abbaye de Basse-Fontaine, ed. Charles LaloIe, vol. 3, Collection des principaux cartulaires de diocese de Troyes (Paris: Thorin, 1878), p. 19, no. 14, 1166. 27. Cartulaire de l'abbaye cardinale de la Trinite de Vend6me, ed. Charles Metais, 5 vols. (Paris: A. Picard, 1893-1904), 1:90-91, no. 352, 1094. See, for instance, Documents sur 1'abbaye de Notre-Dame-aux-Nonnains de Troyes, ed.
However, a small but significant number of cases involved only money; from these we can indeed conclude that girls' monastic dowries generally took less out of their parent's pockets than did their marriage portions. For example, in Poitiers in the first half of the thirteenth century, 20 pounds was considered a reasonable amount for a father to put aside for his daughter's marriage portion. 6 pounds of annual income. ve died and the income been transferred to support another girl. Such a low sum reflects the contemporary estimate that nuns could get by on very little, and indeed that 1 pound a year should cover a nun's clothing, although in some cases dowries did not yield even this modest annual sum.
Equal in Monastic Profession: Religious Women in Medieval France (Women in Culture and Society) by Penelope D. Johnson