By Daniel I. Hembree, Brian F. Platt, Jon J. Smith
Paleontologists and geologists fight with examine questions usually complex via the loss or maybe absence of key paleobiological and paleoenvironmental details. perception into this lacking facts may be received via direct exploration of analogous residing organisms and sleek environments. artistic, experimental and interdisciplinary remedies of such ancient-Earth analogs shape the root of classes from the dwelling. This quantity unites a various diversity of specialist paleontologists, neontologists and geologists proposing case stories that disguise a spectrum of themes, together with sensible morphology, taphonomy, environments and organism-substrate interactions.
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Additional resources for Experimental Approaches to Understanding Fossil Organisms: Lessons from the Living
C. Anderson Fig. 3 Examples of ultra-elongate unionoids. Scale bars = 1 cm. Horizontal arrows point toward the anterior of each shell. Vertical arrows indicate the position of the beak. a Mycetopoda soleniformis (Río Juruá, Peru). b Mycetopodella falcata (Río Juruá, Peru). c Elliptio shepardiana (Altamaha River, Georgia). d Lamproscapha ensiformis (Brazil). e Solenaia iridinea (China). f Chelidonopsis hirundo (Democratic Republic of Congo). g Cuneopsis celtiformis (China). h Lanceolaria grayana (China).
Rugata: Graf and 3 Hyriidae (Vele- Lortiella L. 1 (continued) Geographic Ultra-elongate distribution species included in published molecular genus phylogeny S. 3 Mycetopoda: in perma- South America et al. 2011 (Mycetoponent domichnia in firm dinae) grounds exposed in river banks and rapids (d’Orbigny 1846; Veitenheimer and Mansur 1978). M. siliquosa: in mud (Castillo et al. 2007) lake margins and stream channels in soft sediment (Pimpão et al. 2008; pers. ) M. legumen: in fine compacted sand in rivers (Veitenheimer and Mansur 1978) Mycetopoda soleniformis: in firm grounds exposed in river banks and rapids (Burmeister 1988; pers.
Princeton University Press, Princeton Vogel S (2003) Comparative biomechanics: life’s physical world. Princeton University Press, Princeton Weaver JS, Chamberlain JA Jr (1976) Equations of motion for post mortem sinking of cephalopod shells and the sinking of Nautilus. Paleobiol 2(1):8–18 Chapter 2 Ultra-elongate Freshwater Pearly Mussels (Unionida): Roles for Function and Constraint in Multiple Morphologic Convergences with Marine Taxa Laurie C. 6 Conclusions����������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 41 References���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 42 Abstract Morphologic convergence may arise because natural selection produces an optimal solution for a given set of environmental conditions or because constructional and historical constraints limit available variation, making certain morphologies inevitable.
Experimental Approaches to Understanding Fossil Organisms: Lessons from the Living by Daniel I. Hembree, Brian F. Platt, Jon J. Smith