By James Arthur
This publication is a distinct learn of upper schooling associations affiliated to specific religions. It considers the debates surrounding educational freedom, institutional governance, academic coverage, challenge and id including associations’ kinfolk with the kingdom and their wider groups. a variety of institutions are tested, together with: Christian, Islamic and Jewish universities within the US, Europe and the center East. primarily, this quantity questions no matter if such associations should be either non secular and a ‘university’ and in addition considers the precise function of spiritual religion inside schools and universities.
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Additional info for Faith and Secularisation in Religious Colleges and Universities
22 Religiously affiliated higher education This understanding of secularisation is therefore seen as a movement away from traditionally accepted religious norms, practices and beliefs. Nevertheless, some institutions have remained connected with their religious aﬃliation, which provides us with two models of and approaches to higher education: the purely secular model/approach and the religious model/approach. Catholics in particular saw secularisation or the ideology of ‘secularism’ that it produced as a threat in the 1950s and Gleason (1995: 265) details how it came to be seen as the principal threat to their future survival, but only up until the 1950s, as it was later eagerly embraced by many as conferring some ‘value-neutral’ stance in meeting the demands and challenges of the modern world.
The common characteristics of these colleges and universities were that they were generally small liberal arts colleges that required staﬀ and students to attend chapel services and that they provided compulsory courses on the Bible or Christian doctrine for students. They had explicit rules for behaviour, were devoted to character building and had principals or presidents, often clergymen, who were appointed by a board of trustees or governors appointed in turn by the particular sponsoring denomination.
The majority of universities in Europe began to formally ‘disaﬃliate’ themselves and secularise in the nineteenth century, such as the University of Paris in 1888. Christianity tried to regain ground by ﬁghting the Enlightenment, and the Catholic Church continued to promote higher education and established the Catholic Institute in Paris in 1875 because it saw how other universities had embarked upon disaﬃliation. The Catholic Church also founded new universities in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, such as Lublin in Poland, Nijmegen in Holland, Milan in Italy and Lille in France, to mention just a few.
Faith and Secularisation in Religious Colleges and Universities by James Arthur