By Rodolphe Gasché

ISBN-10: 0804784280

ISBN-13: 9780804784283

This e-book investigates what Bataille, in "The Pineal Eye," calls mythological illustration: the mythological anthropology with which this strange philosopher needed to outflank and undo clinical (and philosophical) anthropology. Gasché probes that anthropology by means of situating Bataille's proposal with admire to the quatrumvirate of Schelling, Hegel, Nietzsche, and Freud. He starts by means of exhibiting what Bataille's figuring out of the mythological owes to Schelling. Drawing on Hegel, Nietzsche, and Freud, he then explores the concept of snapshot that constitutes one of these illustration that Bataille's cutting edge process includes. Gasché concludes that Bataille's mythological anthropology takes on Hegel's phenomenology in a scientific style. by way of interpreting it backwards, he not just dismantles its structure, he additionally ties every one point to the previous one, exchanging the idealities of philosophy with the phantasmatic representations of what he dubs "low materialism." Phenomenology, Gasché argues, therefore paves the best way for a brand new "science" of phantasms.

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Introduction
1 technology and man
2 technology and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context

PART I GEOGRAPHY and standard METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its critical themes
6 uncomplicated strategies of technological know-how and the tactic applicable to ontology
7 Objectivism and subjectivism
8 Positivism and naturalism
8a The a-historical nature of positivism
8b The Enlightenment and positivism
8c Naturalism and idealism
9 Kantian ontology of fabric nature
10 Conceptions of actual area and geography
10a The emergence of geography as an summary, theoretical science
10b Social physics
11 actual house, cognitive behaviouralism and the flip to subjectivity
12 The mode of being attribute of geographical objects

PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
13 The phenomenological foundation of geography
14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and useful research
15 ways to geographical phenomenology
15a the required contrast among humanism and geography
15b Existentialism
16 The view of science
16a Phenomenology as criticism
16b Phenomenology as anti-science
16c The foundational position of phenomenology
16d Phenomena of lived experience
17 The flip to the lifeworld, and the anomaly of floor and object
18 The phenomenological method
18a Intentionality

Geographical phenomenology: a critique of its foundations
19 The metaphysics of geographical phenomenology
20 Humanism and the confusion of the 'objective' and the 'subjective'
20a Subjectivity and intentionality
20b Individualism
20c The 'things themselves', 'consciousness' and 'the challenge of the target world'
2od Idealism
21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
21a Phenomenology and standards of validity
22 The flip to Schiitz's constitutive phenomenology and justifying a go back to Husserl

PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
23 what's phenomenology?
23a Phenomenology: its origins and foundations
23b The traditional attitude
23c Empirical technological know-how and natural science
23d unique intuition
23c Phenomena and intentionality
24 the necessity for phenomenology
24a The predicament of distance among technological know-how and life
24b The critique of the optimistic sciences
24c The constitution of the realm and 'objects' of science
24d Phenomenology and the guiding proposal of science

Phenomenology, technology and phenomenological geography
25 Descriptive phenomenology and science
25a Sciences of truth and sciences of essence
25b Descriptive phenomenology
26 Phenomenology, technology and lifeworld
26a The lifeworld ontology
26b The sciences and the lifeworld
26c The technology of the lifeworld
26d Lifeworld and transcendental phenomenology

Towards a basic ontology of science
27 Phenomenology and a basic ontology of science
28 technological know-how and objectivation in geography
28a How does theoretical discovery arise?
28b the typical global and the theoretical attitude
29 the improvement of technological know-how and the concept that of 'progress'
30 Human technological know-how and objectification
31 Rigour and exactitude in science
32 conception and its achieve and carry over nature and world
33 technology and the lived world

PART IV HUMAN technological know-how, WORLDHOOD, AND SPATIALITY
Implications for the human sciences and a human technological know-how of geography
34 Phenomenology
35 Phenomenology and the technology of geography
36 in the direction of a proper projective human science
37 Husserl and human science
38 in the direction of a proper and a priori 'mathesis of spiritand of humanity'
39 The existential analytic and the human sciences
40 The existential analytic and the 'natural perception of the world' (or lifeworld)

Towards an knowing of human spatiality
41 Geography, global and space
42 international and worldhood
43 Space
43a The technological view of space
43b The spatiality of the present-at-hand
44 the standard mode of being-in-the-world
45 The spatiality of the ready-to-hand: areas and regions
46 area and science
47 Man's spatiality
48 house and man's spatiality
49 position and house: implications for a local ontology of spatiality for a geographical human technology

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Extra info for Georges Bataille: Phenomenology and Phantasmatology (Cultural Memory in the Present)

Example text

These verbal elements serve the purpose of “generalizing the rupture, negating the value of every kind of homogeneity, primarily the elementary homogeneity of sentences” (OC, II, 79). ”43 Bataille introduces the words into the sentences for the sake of their effects and not for the sake of their meaning so that they can carry out their little task there. These words are, therefore, not merely arbitrary. They are precisely the repressed words Introduction  that are repulsive—mostly because they are scatological.

Therefore, later in this work we will bring these desires and their articulations together with a problematic that corresponds to the objectives of the present study. Now, having briefly indicated the operations that Bataille undertakes simultaneously on the level of words, sentences, and larger semiotic units in order to bring about the shattering of the linear continuity of speech, we can ask who the addressee of Bataille’s text is. Certainly, it is not the painless subject of knowledge that Nietzsche spoke of.

59 If the first writing remained latently conserved, the philosopher remembers again what had escaped his memory. He had forgotten only the meaning of the hidden text—only that with which the letters had already been filled. That which speaks from these hidden texts, the philosopher sublates again by sacrificing the quality of the text. Hermes—the god of eloquence and the spoken word who, as the messenger of the gods, precedes hermeneutics—is the sly and cunning god who makes humans believe that in the beginning was the word: the word of God, which, like the babble of children, is already the substitute for the lost joyful opening of his lips—the opening that carves the written sign into the body.

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Georges Bataille: Phenomenology and Phantasmatology (Cultural Memory in the Present) by Rodolphe Gasché


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