By Michael Mullett

ISBN-10: 0810858150

ISBN-13: 9780810858152

The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century has ordinarily been seen as marking the onset of modernity in Europe. It eventually broke up the federal Christendom of the center a while, below the management of the papacy and substituted for it a continent of self sufficient and nationwide states, autonomous of Rome.
The historic Dictionary of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation presents a entire account of 2 chains of events—the Protestant Reformation and the Catholic Counter-Reformation—that have left a permanent imprint on Europe, the United States, and the realm at huge. this is often performed via a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over three hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on people, locations, nations, associations, doctrines, principles, and events.

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Lay anticlericalism was a familiar feature of Christian life throughout the medieval centuries, typically arising from resentment at the clergy’s financial demands and allegedly inflated claims to status, wealth, and power. In late medieval heretical movements such as the English Lollards, it suffused the movement’s denunciations of a Church and clergy falling far below the standards of New Testament Christianity. In the same way, in an extended sermon “On Simony” the Czech reformist Jan Hus denounced the avarice and luxury of clerics on all levels.

The England of Henry VIII seems to fit quite easily into the northern antiRoman bloc since its religious changes in the 1530s, a syncretic and idiosyncratic mélange of Erasmian, humanist, and evangelical ingredients, amounted to more of a declaration of independence from a foreign power, the papacy, than a full acceptance of new doctrines out of Germany. Subsequently though, in two phases of Reformation between 1547 and 1553 and from 1559 onward, England, or its rulers, adopted the Protestant way, and that may confirm our sense of the unstoppable march of the Protestant faith in northern Europe in the mid-century decades.

Indeed, the genesis of the Ninety-Five Theses—generally seen as the starting gun of the Reformation—was typical of the traditionally varied and versatile tasks of the Augustinian Order, for, in line with that Order’s busy brief, Luther had pastoral responsibilties in the city of Wittenberg. These in turn led him into an acute concern that the common people of the city were being led astray by false teaching on indulgences, requiring from him a clarificaton of true doctrine that started the chain of events leading into Reformation.

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Historical Dictionary of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation by Michael Mullett

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