By Collin C. Mabiza
Nearly all of humans in Limpopo river basin rely on rainfed agriculture. regrettably the Limpopo is water scarce, and components of the basin, reminiscent of Zimbabwe's Mzingwane catchment, are below rigidity when it comes to agro-ecological and socio-politicoeconomic stipulations. built-in Water assets administration (IWRM) has been followed within the river basin in an try to enhance water assets administration. even if, it is no longer identified even if, or how, IWRM has more suitable practices in water assets administration and contributed in the direction of more suitable livelihoods. This examine used a bottom-up method of examine wate. Read more...
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Additional resources for Integrated Water Resources Management, Institutions and Livelihoods under Stress: Bottom-up Perspectives from Zimbabwe; UNESCO-IHE PhD Thesis
This is done to find out which actors were involved, or left out of the process of river basin planning, and how different actors were involved. Planning as done by the catchment council is compared to planning as done by water users at the local level. Experiences of the Inkomati Catchment, South Africa, will be used to compare planning processes between South Africa and Zimbabwe. The chapter argues that river basin planning on paper offers an opportunity to bring different actors to the water table.
The Zimbabwean crisis was characterised by a serious economic decline and social and political turmoil. A characteristic of the period soon after Independence in 1980 was positive economic growth (Richardson, 2005). Exceptional years were 1984 and 1992 during which economic growth was affected by serious droughts (Makochekanwa and Kwaramba, 2009). However, in the 2000s the country’s economy was characterised by negative economic growth with inflation being a major problem. By January 2009, for example, annual inflation was estimated to be about 5 billion per cent, while month on month inflation was about 230 million per cent (ibid) 2.
Sanctions were imposed against the country which affected the flow of aid and Direct Foreign Investment (DFI). 3 There is no consensus as to what caused the Zimbabwean crisis. The government blamed the crisis on ‘illegal’ sanctions imposed on the country and a series of droughts which allegedly affected agricultural productivity. However, one of the most popular theories is that the Fast Track Land Redistribution Programme which the government embarked on in 2000 (Zikhali, 2010) started the chain of events which culminated in the crisis.
Integrated Water Resources Management, Institutions and Livelihoods under Stress: Bottom-up Perspectives from Zimbabwe; UNESCO-IHE PhD Thesis by Collin C. Mabiza