By Tamara Sonn

ISBN-10: 1405180935

ISBN-13: 9781405180931

ISBN-10: 1405180943

ISBN-13: 9781405180948

Reflecting contemporary international advancements, the second one variation of this illuminating creation to Islamic background expands its insurance of the Qur’an, Sufism, and Muslim perspectives on human rights, together with the rights of girls.

  • An elevated re-creation of this concise, illuminating creation to Islam, written through one of many field’s best students
  • Spans Islamic background from the lifetime of Muhammad and the start of Islamic beliefs, via Islam’s extra special geographical enlargement and cultural improvement, to the production of contemporary states and its function in today’s worldwide society
  • Features elevated assurance of the Qur’an, Sufism, and Muslim perspectives on human rights, together with the rights of ladies
  • Includes interesting vignettes of Islamic existence, representing mainstream Muslim viewpoints on problems with worldwide quandary
  • Explores the advanced interrelationships of cultural, political, and ideological advancements woven all through Islamic heritage, drawing on particular examples together with present advancements in Pakistan

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Additional resources for Islam: A Brief History (CourseSmart)

Example text

Similarly, the Quran also acknowledges the institution of slavery but says that moral superiority lies in freeing slaves, as well as Many Paths to One God 17 in feeding the hungry and orphans (90:5–17). Freeing slaves and feeding the hungry are enjoined as ways of making up for sins (5:90). Another group for whom the Quran shows special concern is debtors. Charity is to be used to help debtors, and people are supposed to pardon debts owed to them as an act of charity. The Quran is particularly concerned with abolishing usury, which was common in seventh-century Arabia.

By the time of the Prophet’s death, the Islamic community based in Medina was the most vibrant moral, social, and political force in the Arabian peninsula. The Successors (“Caliphs”) When Prophet Muhammad died after a brief illness in 632 his followers were distraught. Abu Bakr, one of his closest companions, declared to them, “If anyone worships Muhammad, [know that] Muhammad is dead. ” His goal was to refocus attention on the message, rather than on the Messenger. Muslims maintain the deepest respect for Muhammad and continue to be inspired by his example.

Anyone who sincerely commits to live according to this pledge is considered a Muslim. The second pillar is prayer (salat). Muslims pray five times daily (at sunrise, midday, sunset, evening, and nighttime). The prayers consist of recitations of verses of the Quran performed in a series of submissive postures (including bowing low from a kneeling position, so that the forehead touches the ground), and are meant to keep Muslims focused on the will of God in all aspects of life. Many people perform their prayers in mosques Many Paths to One God 29 (masajid, “places of prostration”), although prayers may be performed anywhere that has been swept clean (symbolizing entering a state of purity).

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Islam: A Brief History (CourseSmart) by Tamara Sonn

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