By United Nations
The 2008-2009 variation of Latin the USA and the Caribbean on this planet financial system is split into 3 chapters. bankruptcy I deals a medium-term view of the present foreign monetary stipulations, studying particularly the variables which are probably to shift worldwide eventualities and impact the placement of the Latin the US and Caribbean economies on the planet economic system. bankruptcy II seems to be on the instant and long term implications of the present obstacle for local exchange styles, by way of origins, locations and the sectoral composition of exchange flows. It additionally analyzes the habit of commodity costs, phrases of exchange, foreign alternate in companies, tourism, international direct funding (FDI) and remittances. finally, the region's exchange coverage responses to the concern are mentioned. bankruptcy III examines possibilities for neighborhood cooperation in Latin the USA and the Caribbean.
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Extra resources for Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy 2006: 2007 Trends
0 1976 1980 2005 1984 1988 1992 1996 2000 2004 Cambio en 2006 Net revenue (right-hand axis) Net position (left-hand axis) Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis of the United States Department of Commerce. The United States external deficit is not expected to decrease much over the next five years, owing to two conflicting trends in the current account (IMF, 2007a). First, certain adjustments could reduce the trade deficit to some extent. 2) and a lower oil price. Second, the cost of external liabilities is expected to increase, resulting in a rapid deterioration in the net international investment revenue balance that would neutralize the positive trend of the trade balance.
2002 M ay 2003 January 2004 Sept. 2004 M ay 2005 January 2006 Euro area Sept. , April. 2. Limited exchange-rate adjustments In 2006 the dollar fell steadily against the most traded currencies (other than the yen). It continued to drift down in the first six months of 2007; however, some adjustments in the currency market can still be expected, especially given the large imbalances between the United States and some of its main trading partners and increased pessimism about the growth prospects of the United States economy.
The experience of recent years shows that emerging-market currencies are still quite vulnerable. One example of this is the increased volatility of the Thai baht following the introduction of capital controls in December 2006 to prevent the currency rising further. This caused its value to fall sharply on the Thai stock market, leading the authorities to reverse the measure. 10 NOMINAL EXCHANGE RATE: DOLLARS PER UNIT OF NATIONAL CURRENCY, 2000-2007 160 150 140 130 120 110 100 90 80 70 July 2000 July 2001 July 2002 July 2003 July 2004 July 2005 July 2006 July 2007 Yuan Euro Pound Sterling Yen Source: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).
Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy 2006: 2007 Trends by United Nations