By Robert J. Gale, David G. Lovering (auth.), Robert J. Gale, David G. Lovering (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461575028

ISBN-13: 9781461575023

ISBN-10: 1461575044

ISBN-13: 9781461575047

This moment quantity incorporates at the first-class paintings of its predecessor, ex­ tending its scope to different melts and to different options. It keeps to offer first-hand knowing and event of this tough and significant box. there's ever current the trade-off or reconciliation among the radical chemistry of structures now not ruled by means of the mediating effect of a supposedly detached solvent and the excessive temperatures required to impact the fluidity of the approach. on the restrict, the very excessive temperatures so bring up the premiums of all reactions as to dissolve the temporal distinction among the thermodynamic and the kinetic view of chemistry. What can occur will take place and normally does occur. Vessels corrode, the equipment turns into a reactant, and the variety of tolerant fabrics in a position to face up to the assault shrinks to graphite, boron carbide or, if all else fails, to frozen elements of the molten salt itself. it truly is most likely precise that there's no restrict to man's ingenuity yet i feel that God gave us molten salts simply to attempt that thesis. If there's ever a Molten Salt membership, and Englishmen love golf equipment, its club might be unique. it can definitely comprise the authors of this sequence. Graham Hills collage of Strathclyde ix Preface within the first quantity of this sequence, we expressed our rivalry genuine desire existed for functional tips within the box of molten salt experimentation.

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Crucibles of CaO, MgO, and MnO can be produced by slip casting. This involves casting a slurry of fine powder of the particular oxide in either water or alcohol into a split mold. After a solidified skin of the desired thickness has been allowed to form, the rest of the slurry is decanted and the crucible removed by splitting the mold. In general, to avoid any appreciable reduction of the crucible during experiments, the oxide of the crucible has to be thermodynamically more stable than the oxide of the metal it contains.

S. Dept. C. (June 1981). 27. K. W. A. Shores, and P. S. Dept. C. (June 1981). 28. A. J. S. C. Maru, "Coating Applications for the Molten Carbonate Fuel Cell," Thin Solid Films 83, 449-454 (1981). 29. I. Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, Third Edition, Van Nostrand, New York (1968). 30. Lithium Corporation of America, Material Safety Data Sheet, Gastonia, NC (January 31, 1979). 31. ). 3 Oxides, Silicates, Phosphates, and Borates I. D. Sommerville and H. B. Bell 1. Introduction In view of the fact that the melts discussed in this Chapter have liquidus temperatures mainly in the temperature range 1000-l600°C, it seems appropriate to include a brief section on how such elevated temperatures are obtained and measured and, more particularly, how melts are contained at such temperatures.

This may be accomplished by drawing a sample from the melt and blowing it onto a cold surface. 2. Measurement of Physicochemical Properties Extensive data on various physical properties, such as solid-liquid phase equilibria, density, surface tension, viscosity, and electrical conductivity are available 1•6 •7 for mixtures of alkali carbonates and, in some cases, for mixtures with other additives. These properties for individual carbonates and some common salt mixtures at 700°C are summarized in Table V.

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Molten Salt Techniques: Volume 2 by Robert J. Gale, David G. Lovering (auth.), Robert J. Gale, David G. Lovering (eds.)

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