By Marinus F W te Pas, Henk P Haagsman, Maria E Everts
Well-developed and useful muscles are a prerequisite for fit meat-producing animals. reliable muscle improvement ends up in more suitable meat caliber. consequently smooth breeds of cattle animal were selectively bred for larger conformation, elevated muscle dimension and elevated muscle-to-bone ratio. This publication describes all elements of muscle improvement learn, and comprises contributions from best study teams all over the world.
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Extra resources for Muscle Development of Livestock Animals: Physiology, Genetics and Meat Quality
L. (1995) Satellite cell activation after muscle damage in young and adult rats. Anatomical Record 242, 329–336. D. D. (1986) Skeletal muscle protein turnover in broiler and layer chicks. Journal of Animal Science 62, 1576–1583. M. (1956) Analysis of factors influencing postnatal growth and development of muscle fibre. Journal of Agricultural Science Cambridge 47, 59–102. M. (1971) Research note on body size and cell size in the musculature of large and small mammals. Agroanimalia 3, 113–114. , Tobin, C.
They have been widely used over years in the USA to improve the efficiency and product quality of meat animals. However, studies on the effects of steroids on the micro-morphology of muscle are rare. , 1996). , 1986). Although average fibre diameters were not reported, the increase in muscle mass by steroids seemed to result mainly from transformation of small size fibre types to larger size fibre types and therefore increases in average fibre size. Changes in fibre number in response to steroid treatment have not been reported.
A. 31 (1972) Histochemical characteristics of muscle fibers from trained and detrained guinea pigs. American Journal of Physiology 222, 836–840. , Ender, K. and Kalm, E. (1995) Untersuchungen von Muskelstrukturmerkmalen bei HampshireReinzuchttieren und verschiedenen Kreuzungskombinationen. Archiv für Tierzucht 38, 43–56. Fiedler, I. (1983) Postnatales Wachstum der Muskelfasern beim Schwein. Tagungsbericht Akademie der Landwirtschaftswissenschaften, Berlin 209, 87–94. Fiedler, I. (1985) Histologisch-histochemische Untersuchungen zum Muskelfaserwachstum von Schweinen bei unterschiedlicher Energieversorgung.
Muscle Development of Livestock Animals: Physiology, Genetics and Meat Quality by Marinus F W te Pas, Henk P Haagsman, Maria E Everts