By Michele Laraia
Over the process their operational existence, quite a few elements in either nuclear energy vegetation and different civilian nuclear amenities becomes infected by means of irradiation from the radioactive resources current. as soon as those energy vegetation or amenities have come to the top in their operational lifetime, the necessity to decommission and decontaminate them arises. Nuclear decommissioning seriously experiences the decommissioning and decontamination approaches and applied sciences to be had for rehabilitating websites used for nuclear strength new release and civilian nuclear amenities, from primary concerns and top practices, to strategies and know-how, and onto decommissioning and decontamination case stories.
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Extra info for Nuclear decommissioning: Planning, execution and international experience
The strategy pursued eventually depends on a cost–benefit analysis, usually including both monetary and nonmonetary factors. Most power reactors were shut down because there was no longer any economic justification for running them. Almost all were relatively earlymodel designs, and about 45 were experimental or prototype power reactors. Three categories are listed here (WNA 2010) (Note that the WNA database of shutdown power reactors used in the following includes 127 units, whereas the IAEA database (IAEA 2011) has 124 units): 1.
In many countries, atomic energy legislation was framed primarily to cover siting, design, construction, commissioning and operation of nuclear facilities and there were often no specific requirements regarding decommissioning. Currently, there is a tendency in most countries to develop specific guidance and/or regulations aimed at decommissioning. In some countries atomic energy laws specifically address decommissioning, in some regulations have been enacted, and in others decommissioning is covered by licence conditions.
3 Reasons for publishing this book This is a time of renewed nuclear programmes (sometimes called the ‘Nuclear Renaissance’). Several governments, private companies and international institutions have incepted a major move towards a renewed nuclear era, which may help mankind toward mitigating climate changes and producing energy in a more efficient manner. However, you cannot have new nuclear builds without decommissioning. Safe, timely and cost-effective decommissioning is needed to show the layperson that the nuclear fuel cycle is under control at all times and the nuclear industry knows how to remove anything that has been built (and re-use decommissioned sites for new or continuing productive functions).
Nuclear decommissioning: Planning, execution and international experience by Michele Laraia