By John J. Johnston (Eds.)
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Additional info for Pesticides and Wildlife
45. J. Pesticide Use And Toxicology In Relation To Wildlife: Organophosphorus And Carbamate Compounds. S. Fish and Wildlife Resource Publication 170. 1987. 46. , Broughton, E. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 1988, 41:441-448. 47. E. ; Merck and Co. Whitehouse Station, NJ, 1998; pp 2072-2073. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2000. ch005 Geoffrey K. Frampton Biodiversity and Ecology Division, School of Biological Sciences, University of Southampton, Bassett Crescent East, Southampton, Hampshire SO16 7PX, United Kingdom Replication of experimental treatments is necessary for the unambiguous interpretation of pesticide effects on wildlife using statistical hypothesis testing but is incompatible with the large temporal and spatial scales required for a fully realistic field study.
The number of active ingredients used, frequency of applications per season and incidence of the use of pesticide mixtures all increased at a time when the abundance of several taxa of non-target farmland arthropods was found to be in decline in southern England . Most studies of the effects of pesticides on arthropods were single-season short-term investigations of individual pesticide applications. These provided valuable information on therisksposed by certain pesticides but could not detect long-term cumulative effects of repeated applications or effects of complex tank mixes.
Wildlife Diseases 1995, 31(2): 186-192. S. In Organophosphates: Chemistry, Fate and Effects. E. (eds) 1992, pp. 108-132. D. J. Agric. Food Chem. 1998, 46:4260-4266. V. Pesticide Science, 1994, 41:187193. T. PhD. M. Report to the Almond Board of California. D. in Clinical and Diagnostic Veterinary Toxicology 2 ed. A. (ed) 1976, pp. ; ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2000. ch004 51 36. , Batcheler, D. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research. 1996, 39:397-400. 37.
Pesticides and Wildlife by John J. Johnston (Eds.)