By José Luís Garcia

ISBN-10: 3319455362

ISBN-13: 9783319455365

ISBN-10: 3319455389

ISBN-13: 9783319455389

This e-book is dedicated to dialogue of the perspectives of Pierre Musso and begins with a valuable bankruptcy written by means of Musso, entitled community Ideology: from Saint-Simonianism to the web . Pierre Musso is a French thinker and is without doubt one of the most unique thinkers within the historical past of the community society. His suggestion develops a critique of data and communique applied sciences via their imaginary and social representations and of the knowledge society, in line with the community metaphor.

The major query on which Musso has concentrated his cognizance is how the community metaphor is among the strongest methods of realizing the advanced societies within which we are living. exhibiting attribute recognition to aspect, and drawing at the background of principles, political philosophy and sociology, Musso lines the family tree of the community imaginary, and issues out that it didn't emerge with the net. He indicates how its smooth roots are available in Henri de Saint-Simon and his disciples, engineers and marketers comparable to Michel de Chevalier, and Barthélemy Prosper Enfantin, who built channel networks, railroads, and the telegraphic community in France within the 19th century. as well as the significant piece written through Musso, the ebook features a common advent and 6 commentaries from specialists on details applied sciences and networks. It screens quite a lot of views from a various set of authors by way of nationalities and universities, in addition to disciplinary backgrounds.

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The technical macro-networks, great contemporary technological and industrial undertakings, are the modern “cathedrals of the celebration of passage”. They no longer reach towards a celestial beyond, but dramatize alternately the transition towards a better world to come and the continual setting in motion of the present. The Reticular Techno-Utopia The mythical narratives of the network are repeated to saturation point by engineers and industrialists to promote their innovations. The techno-utopia of the technical network again takes up two main themes: first, the ancient narrative of the interworld between body and technique, introduced by Galen, which draws a parallel between the body, particularly the brain, and the network, and second the modern narrative stemming from Saint-Simonianism and Proudhonism, which sees the technical network as a lever, if not an identifier, of politics.

The intense period of invention of the early nineteenth century has left us with the legacy of a “technology of the mind” and a “techno-messianism”, as well as their combinations; in short, an ideology of the network that we here call a retiology, which is readily presented in the form of a utopia. 38 P. Musso Retiology or Network Ideology Contemporary retiology combines two deteriorated and worn-out components: first, a concept that has become a technology of the mind and second, a symbolic or techno-utopian (or “techno-messianian”) operation through the fetishization of reticular techniques.

Engineers endeavor to liken artificial networks to a living body, to associate them with corporal images, particularly pertaining to the brain, and thus to naturalize techniques. The electricity, electronic or telecommunication networks are even claimed to be “intelligent”, to constitute a sort of “collective brain” or “global brain” which artificially embodies the Galenic metaphor (Galen’s rete mirabili) on a global scale. The Saint-Simonian image of the social transformation effected by the technical network and embedded in its architecture by the Proudhonians has prevailed as a great modern myth, a narrative that has been vulgarized not only by engineers, industrialists and “futurologists”, but also by certain sociologists.

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Pierre Musso and the Network Society: From Saint-Simonianism to the Internet by José Luís Garcia

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