ISBN-10: 0128017759

ISBN-13: 9780128017753

Plant manufacturing unit: An Indoor Vertical Farming process for effective caliber foodstuff construction presents info on a box that's assisting to offset the threats that strange climate and shortages of land and common assets deliver to the nutrition supply.

As replacement thoughts are had to make sure sufficient and effective creation of meals, this publication represents the one to be had source to take a pragmatic method of the making plans, layout, and implementation of plant manufacturing unit (PF) practices to yield meals plants. The PF structures defined during this e-book are according to a plant construction method with man made (electric) lighting and comprise case reviews offering classes discovered and most sensible practices from either commercial and crop particular programs.

With insights into the economics in addition to the technological know-how of PF courses, this publication is perfect for these in educational in addition to business settings.

offers full-scope perception on plant farm, from economics and making plans to life-cycle assessment
provides cutting-edge plant farm technological know-how, written via worldwide leaders in plant farm advancements
comprises case-study examples to supply real-world insights

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Extra resources for Plant Factory: An Indoor Vertical Farming System for Efficient Quality Food Production

Sample text

Overall, the total water consumption for irrigation and washing of PFAL-grown vegetables can be reduced by 99% compared with that of greenhouse-grown vegetables. 23), because they are easy to grow and there is strong demand for PFAL-grown leafy greens. Approximately 50,000 leaf lettuce heads are produced daily in PFALs (18 million heads/year) in Japan as of 2014, which is only 1% of the field-grown leaf lettuce consumption. Commercial production of spinach in PFALs for fresh salads is currently almost 0 but will increase within several years.

The electrical energy fixed in the salable part of plants as chemical energy is 1– 2% at the highest, and less than 1% in most conventional PFALs. The remaining (98–99%) electric energy is converted into heat energy in the culture room (this is why the heating cost of a thermally well-insulated PFAL even on a very cold winter night (À40°C) is 0). The electricity cost can be reduced by: (1) using advanced LEDs to improve the conversion factor from electric to light energy; (2) improving the lighting system with well-designed reflectors to increase the ratio of light energy emitted by lamps to that absorbed by plant leaves; (3) improving the light quality to enhance growth and the quality of plants; (4) optimally controlling temperature, CO2 concentration, nutrient solution, humidity, and other factors; and (5) increasing the percentage salable part of plants by the improvement of culture method and selection of cultivars.

1). Different plant production systems differing in stability and control ability are needed to maintain the overall sustainability of society under changing climate and social conditions. The plant production system to be chosen depends on its purpose under the given social, environmental, economic, and resource conditions. In open fields, keeping the soil (root zone) environment naturally stable is of primary importance, because this stability compensates for the low natural and artificial controllability of the aerial environment (weather).

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Plant Factory: An Indoor Vertical Farming System for Efficient Quality Food Production

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