By Patrick Petitjean (auth.), Patrick Petitjean, Catherine Jami, Anne Marie Moulin (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9401051453

ISBN-13: 9789401051453

ISBN-10: 9401125945

ISBN-13: 9789401125949

SCIENCE AND EMPIRES: FROM THE foreign COLLOQUIUM TO THE booklet Patrick PETITJEAN, Catherine JAMI and Anne Marie MOULIN The foreign Colloquium "Science and Empires - old reviews approximately clinical De­ velopment and eu enlargement" is the made of a global Colloquium, "Sciences and Empires - A Comparative historical past of Scien­ tific Exchanges: eu enlargement and medical improvement in Asian, African, American and Oceanian Countries". equipped through the REHSEIS crew (Research on Epistemology and heritage of actual Sciences and medical associations) of CNRS (National heart for clinical Research), the colloquium was once held from three to six April 1990 within the UNESCO construction in Paris. This colloquium used to be an idea of Professor Roshdi Rashed who initiated this box of stories in France a few years in the past, and proposed "Sciences and Empires" as one of many major learn programmes for the The undertaking to arrange the sort of colloquium used to be a piece REHSEIS crew. of a chance. Its topic, mirrored within the name "Sciences and Empires", isn't really a currently-accepted sub-discipline of the heritage of technology; really, it refers to a collection of questions which chanced on autonomy only in the near past. The terminology was once strongly debated by way of the individuals and, as is usually steered during this booklet, awaits fuller clarification.

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Que1s services peut rendre l'histoire des sciences a l'examen d'une problematique de notre temps? Est-it possible de parler d'histoire des sciences appliquee? Je ne pourrai sans doute pas 19 P. Petitjean et al. ), Science and Empires, 19-30. Ii:> 1992 Kluwer Academic Publishers. 20 ROSHDI RASHED repondre it toutes ces questions, mais je tenterai d' en eIucider quelques-unes. Notons pour commencer que, si notre probleme fut d'abord renvoye aux anthropologues et aux orientalistes, c'est en raison d'une situation objective de la science elle-meme, d'une conception alors dominante de son histoire, et d'une ideologie admise par la quasitotalite des historiens.

There was a group of Europeans called Taife-i Efrenciyan who were employed in the Ottoman Palace to help transfer European war techniques 17 • In the 18th century, we frod European experts employed in the Ottoman army who were instrumental in introducing some elements of modernization in the flrst half of the century. In the second half of the 18th century, foreign teachers, especially French engineers, were employed in the new type of educational institutions founded in this period. These teachers wrote books concerning their subjects and were also employed actively in the fields of gunnery, naval and military engmeermg.

A. Vasantha evokes the grand controversy between "Anglicists" and "Orientalists" in British India, and eventually the failure of the "Orientalists" model of integration. V. Krishna shows that "colonial science" began to recede as soon as a national scientific tradition began to emerge in India; colonial science and national tradition seem to have been antithetic. To initiate a discussion around the theme of integration, three issues may be set out, that arise from the papers contributed to this session: (I) a critique of the integrated or integrating concept of "colonial science"; (II) a distinction to be made between science proper and the teaching of science, or else, between research and education; (III) 33 P.

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Science and Empires: Historical Studies about Scientific Development and European Expansion by Patrick Petitjean (auth.), Patrick Petitjean, Catherine Jami, Anne Marie Moulin (eds.)


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