By Barry Smart

ISBN-10: 0415703085

ISBN-13: 9780415703086

Sociology is a longtime educational self-discipline yet there was carrying on with debate over its prestige as a technology and the character of its subject material. This ended in the emergence of a phenomenological sociology and to evaluations of positivist sociology. This severe reappraisal of the relevance of Marxian research for a technological know-how of society exhibits how those advancements inside of sociology have had their counterpart in Marxism.

The writer analyses the prestige of Marx’s paintings and the Marxist ‘tradition’ in sociology. He focuses upon these issues that are universal to either Marxian research and sociology – the query of subjectivity; the character of social fact; and the dialectical dating of the ‘doing’ or perform of a technological know-how of society to the social global in which such social analyses are located. initially released in 1976.

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Introduction
1 technology and man
2 technological know-how and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context

PART I GEOGRAPHY and conventional METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its vital themes
6 simple recommendations of technology and the tactic applicable to ontology
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10 Conceptions of actual house and geography
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PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
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14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and functional research
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15a the required contrast among humanism and geography
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21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
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PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
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23c Phenomena and intentionality
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24c The constitution of the area and 'objects' of science
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Phenomenology, technology and phenomenological geography
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Extra info for Sociology, Phenomenology and Marxian Analysis: A Critical Discussion of the Theory and Practice of a Science of Society

Sample text

Clearly in these respects Parsons’s orientation is not entirely incompatible with that of Marx. In the case of differentiation Parsons is seen to be moving towards the evolutionary perspective, seeking to provide an explanation of the way in which social systems change in an orderly manner, but again seeming to drift further towards the Marxist position. Specifically, Gouldner argues that Parsons’s discussion of differentia­ tion resembles M arx’s account of the contradictions between the forces and relations of production, the re-orientation in the work of the former - from considerations of equilibrium to those of change being accompanied by a shift from Comtean to M arxian domain assumptions.

Another example appears in Lenski’s (1966) monumental attem pt to bring together in a meaningful way the diverse contributions of various theorists classified as functionalist or conflict in orientation, his intention being a theory of stratification incorporating both consensual and conflictual elements. In both cases an understanding of Marx as a conflict theorist constitutes a significant aspect of their synthesis and no attem pt is made to address the adequacy of such an understanding. The reading of M arx’s work implicit in the second position outlined here has given rise to Birnbaum’s identification of a crisis in Marxist sociology.

As such one may distinguish between man existing within a determinate mode of production and potential man, the former being the victim of social forces and pressures, suffering from a condition of alienation result­ ing from a specific mode of production, and maintained by social institutions and historical processes. This is man the product of history, man incapable of seeing either the possibility or the presence of his role as the producer of history. On the other hand potential man is the sensual and active being, with the capacity to be able to do as Marx expressed, somewhat romantically, ‘one thing today and another tomorrow, .

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Sociology, Phenomenology and Marxian Analysis: A Critical Discussion of the Theory and Practice of a Science of Society by Barry Smart


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