Author note: Aaron S. Benjamin (Editor)
Publish yr note: First released in 2010
The chapters during this quantity are testomony to the numerous ways that Robert Bjork's principles have formed the process learn on human reminiscence over 4 many years. It showcases the theoretical advances and up to date findings by means of researchers whose paintings and careers were stimulated by way of Bjork.
The first crew of chapters discover the concept forgetting is an adaptive reaction to the calls for of a retrieval process fraught with pageant - an idea that has helped recalibrate conceptualizations of reminiscence clear of one within which within which the pc is the dominant metaphor. numerous chapters then overview the applying of analysis on studying and reminiscence to improving human functionality, reflecting Bjork's staunch dedication to translating his findings and theories to real-world settings.
Later chapters tackle issues which are suitable to the interpretation of cognitive psychology to human functionality, and specifically realize the severe position of metacognition in such difficulties.
The ultimate chapters hide numerous concerns with regards to how remembering should be stronger, and the way learn on remembering should be profitably guided by way of mathematical modeling. This quantity will entice researchers and graduate scholars of human studying, reminiscence, and forgetting, and also will profit an viewers operating in utilized domain names, resembling education and schooling.
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Extra info for Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert A. Bjork
The pattern of differential forgetting between conditions suggests that, with much longer retention intervals, there may be a reversal—retention may actually be better following equal interval retrieval practice relative to expanding retrieval practice. We consider designs with such delays in the next section. The Mystery of Expanding Retrieval Practice and Its Vicissitudes: A Partial Solution At this point in the chapter, the reader is rightfully confused. Landauer and Bjork (1978) found that expanding retrieval is superior to massed or equal interval retrieval, and their finding accords well with other ideas in the learning and memory literature, such as shaping and errorless retrieval.
Benjamin, A. , & Bjork, R. A. (1996). Retrieval fluency as a metacognitive index. In L. M. ), Implicit memory and metacognition: The 27th Carnegie Symposium on Cognition (pp. 309–338). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. Benjamin, A. , Bjork, R. , & Schwartz, B. L. (1998). The mismeasure of memory: When retrieval fluency is misleading as a metamnemonic index. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 127, 55–68. Bjork, E. , & Bjork, R. A. (2011). Making things hard on yourself, but in a good way: Creating desirable difficulties to enhance learning.
However, when the repetition was essentially immediate, final cued recall profited very little from either an additional study or construct trial. In particular, studying the item intact on one trial and then having to construct it on the next trial produced poorer final recall (42%) than did having only a single construct trial (57%). In Jacoby’s analysis, construct trials involve a kind of problem-solving activity—namely, deciding what semantic associate of the stimulus fits the letter cues provided—an activity that supports participants’ later ability to recall the response term when shown only the stimulus term.
Successful Remembering and Successful Forgetting: A Festschrift in Honor of Robert A. Bjork