By Bo Carlsson (auth.), Bo Carlsson (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9401040656

ISBN-13: 9789401040655

ISBN-10: 9401101450

ISBN-13: 9789401101455

In 1987 the Swedish nationwide Board for Technical improvement (STU, later changing into the Swedish nationwide Board for commercial and Technical improvement, NUTEK) initiated a examine of Sweden's Technological structures and destiny improvement power. A accomplished, interdisciplinary learn used to be anticipated, yielding not just beneficial perception but additionally an enduring competence base for destiny analyses of technological platforms and know-how coverage in Sweden. 3 top Swedish learn institutes have been invited to take part: the commercial Institute for monetary and Social learn in Stockholm, the dep. ofIndustrial administration and Economics at Chalmers college of know-how in Gothenburg, and the learn coverage Institute on the college of Lund. i used to be invited to direct the undertaking. The undertaking team made up our minds to concentration in the beginning on a selected technological process, particularly manufacturing facility automation, to be through related reports of alternative platforms. various courses have resulted from the undertaking to this point. the present quantity represents a precis of our paintings on manufacturing unit automation. It includes a number of unique essays and of a few formerly released papers that have been edited, every now and then considerably, so one can shape a accomplished and coherent photograph of a technological procedure. To our wisdom, this is often the 1st in-depth research of a technological procedure designed as an element of a scientific learn of technological structures extra in most cases. on the time of this writing, 3 extra reports on electronics and desktops, prescription drugs, and powder expertise are below method, to be released in a later volume.

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344). , unexploited development potential) is inherent in any development bloc - or else it ceases to have dynamic force. But the process also requires a certain kind of balance or coherence. Successful firms seem to be characterized by a balanced product portfolio as a basis for sustained success: firms which attempt to innovate in several unrelated areas or which are constantly leaping toward new technologies,. or unknown markets, or both, are much less likely to succeed and grow than those which build carefully around their core strengths and early successes.

That successful innovation seems to require some form of bunching together or clustering of resources. g. computers, electronics, and instrumentation) (Utterback 1989, pp. 10-14). The clustering of a large number of firms in a particular area, whether it is semiconductors, microcomputers or biotechnology, are Technological Systems and Economic Performance 34 claimed to create external economies of scale by providing a large base of mobile highly skilled and creative people, by creating economies of suppliers of silicon wafers, chemicals, or whatever is needed by the primary manufacturers, or simply by generally stimulating efforts in research, technical creativity and communications (Utterback 1989, p.

In the late 1980s seems to have been a downsizing and specialization of firms. Firms have shed businesses outside their core areas and acquired others within, or closely related to, the core. This also suggests an interpretation of the recent finding that firms in the United States, Europe, and Japan tend to strive for a broadening of their technology base: they may try to do so primarily in their core businesses (based on their core competencies - see above) (Gran strand et al. 1990). The Requirement of Critical Mass Besides the entrepreneur, another prerequisite of a development bloc is a favorable environment.

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Technological Systems and Economic Performance: The Case of Factory Automation by Bo Carlsson (auth.), Bo Carlsson (eds.)

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