By Vivian Ibrahim
The Coptic Christians of Egypt have often been portrayed as a "beleaguered minority." This ebook makes use of newly came upon Coptic archival assets to give a bright and substitute picture of the neighborhood, analyzing Coptic company within the 20th century. Vivian Ibrahim unearths a robust Coptic reaction to the emergence and threats of Political Islam from the Forties, and examines how Copts negotiated a job for themselves through the colonial interval and in Nasser’s post-revolutionary Egypt. brushing aside the monolithic portrayal of the group, she highlights the numerous Coptic factions and teams that contributed to the id of the Coptic group within the first 1/2 the 20th century.
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Additional info for The Copts of Egypt: The Challenges of Modernisation and Identity (Library of Modern Middle East Studies)
In particular, those firstly implemented in the diwan and ecclesiastical reforms, second, in relation to iconography and third, with regard to lay educational changes. He began in 1854 by establishing an administrative system for the diwan of the patriarchate in order to centralise and streamline the supervision of church affairs. This included two branches, the first of which was concerned with the legal affairs related to the personal status laws of the millat, including marriages and deaths.
31 Considering the development of the bureaucratic apparatus in the period of British occupation, it is clear that that the Copts were favoured over the Muslim population for employment in many key departments. While in some departments, such as finance, the predominance of the Copts was not a new occurrence mirroring the pre-occupation period, in others, such as the Ministry of the Interior, the large number of Copts was largely attributable to the British. 32 The Copts were also consistently over-represented in the specialist schools of law, medicine and engineering from the 1890s.
By the early twentieth century graduates demanding government jobs exceeded the numbers available. As a result, educational requirements for government employment were steadily raised leading to a reorganisation of the structure. 19 In 1905, a decree stipulated that after 1909 the higher rank of the Civil Service was only open to those with secondary certificates; they would have a starting wage 42 THE COPTS OF EGYPT of LE 8 a month and no ceiling wage on advancement. 20 This would ensure that those working in the bureaucracy would meet certain standards, solidifying the link between education, administration and modernisation.
The Copts of Egypt: The Challenges of Modernisation and Identity (Library of Modern Middle East Studies) by Vivian Ibrahim