By Professor John M. Hobson
John Hobson claims that all through its background so much foreign conception has been embedded inside of a variety of kinds of Eurocentrism. instead of generating value-free and universalist theories of inter-state kin, overseas conception as an alternative presents provincial analyses that remember and protect Western civilization because the topic of, and perfect normative referent in, global politics. Hobson additionally offers a sympathetic critique of Edward Said's conceptions of Eurocentrism and Orientalism, revealing how Eurocentrism takes various types, that are imperialist or anti-imperialist, and exhibiting how those have performed out in foreign thought on the grounds that 1760. The e-book hence speaks to students of diplomacy and likewise to all these drawn to knowing Eurocentrism within the disciplines of political science/political concept, political economy/international political economic system, geography, cultural and literary stories, sociology and, no longer least, anthropology.
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Extra info for The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics: Western International Theory, 1760-2010
In this imaginary Western states are granted ‘full sovereignty’ while Eastern polities are granted either ‘qualiﬁed sovereignty’ or ‘default sovereignty’. Here, then, we receive a conception of ‘informal hierarchy’ and gradated sovereignties. I specify these variations here because they form an important part of the discussion undertaken in each chapter (an overall summary of which is 23 See also Keene (2005); Long and Schmidt (2005b). 20 chapter 1: introduction provided in Chapter 13). All in all, then, the notion that IR is concerned to understand and theorize the relations between sovereign states under anarchy turns out to be a fourth myth.
Or as he put it in his 1836 pamphlet, a once great country has been reduced to a ‘desolate place of tombs’ by a rapacious despotism given that it privileges war and militarism over peace and commerce (Cobden 1868a: 173–4). This point was echoed with equal force by Bright when, in an 1854 letter to Absalom Watkin, he asserted that We are building up our Eastern Policy on a false foundation – namely on the perpetual maintenance of the most immoral and ﬁlthy of all despotisms over one of the fairest portions of the earth which it has desolated, and over a population it has degraded but has not been able to destroy (Bright 1895: 14).
But the criticism of these countries reﬂects a liberalEurocentric predisposition wherein those societies that were founded on irrational institutions did not qualify for self-determination and could only do so once the full gamut of rational institutions had been set up courtesy of an imperial civilizing mission (of which ‘rational Protestantism’ was only one such institution). And liberal prescriptions of non-intervention and tolerance can only apply once the ‘irrational Other’ has been remoulded along rational European lines.
The Eurocentric Conception of World Politics: Western International Theory, 1760-2010 by Professor John M. Hobson