By Michael D. Petraglia, Jeffrey I. Rose

ISBN-10: 9048127181

ISBN-13: 9789048127184

The modern deserts of Arabia shape essentially the most dramatic arid landscapes on this planet; but, in the course of again and again long ago, the zone used to be well-watered, containing proof for rivers and lakes. Climatic fluctuations via time should have had a profound impact on human inhabitants that lived and undergone the area. during this publication, paleoenvironmental experts, archaeologists and geneticists are introduced jointly to supply a accomplished account of the evolution of human populations in Arabia. a variety of themes are explored during this booklet, together with environmental switch and its effect on human populations, the circulate and dispersal of populations throughout the quarter, and the beginning and unfold of nutrients generating economies. New theories and interpretations are provided which supply new insights into the evolution of human populations in a key zone of the realm.

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Additional info for The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia: Paleoenvironments, Prehistory and Genetics

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1987). The most abundant fisheries are in the south in the vicinity of the Farasan and Dahlak islands, though these do not apparently compare in potential abundance with the richer fisheries of the Persian Gulf (Head, 1987b; Ormond and Edwards, 1987). As on land, marine productivity is likely to have been sensitive to climatically induced changes, especially the increased rates of evaporation and higher salinity associated with a drop in sea level and reduced inflow from the Indian Ocean. , 2003).

The combination of species together with carbon isotope measurements suggests a lake-edge setting surrounded by open savannah and semi-arid grasslands. The authors consider the assemblage to be of Lower Pleistocene date with African affinities. Zarins et al. , 1979), refer to a Late Pleistocene fauna in central Arabia and the Rub’ al Khali of Bos primigenius, Bubalus (water buffalo), hippopotamus, Equus hemionus, camel and gazelle. , 2000). This meager evidence at least provides some clues about the sorts of species that we might expect to find in different types of topography (mountains, flat plains) and different climatic conditions.

The dashed grey line is based on deep-sea oceanic isotope records of planktonic and benthonic fauna, the solid grey line shows the same curve corrected for temperature effects using dated and elevated marine terraces in New Guinea, the dark solid line is based on isotope records of planktonic fauna from the Red Sea. Coastal archaeological sites dated to MIS 5 or earlier with marine indicators are also shown. Sea level data based on Chappell and Shackleton (1986); Shackleton (1987); Van Andel (1989); Lambeck and Chappell (2001); Siddall et al.

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The Evolution of Human Populations in Arabia: Paleoenvironments, Prehistory and Genetics by Michael D. Petraglia, Jeffrey I. Rose

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