By Eric S. Beckjord

ISBN-10: 0615124208

ISBN-13: 9780615124209

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This fuel cycle is exactly balanced so the num- ber of fast reactors deployed is sufficient to burn all the actinides produced in once through thermal reactors. Only the fast reactor fuel is reprocessed, presumably in a developed country and a ‘secure’ energy park; the thermal reactors operating on a once-through cycle, can be located anywhere. This configuration has proliferation advantage over the situation considered in option two, as discussed in Chapter 8. It is important to note that this balanced closed fuel cycle is entirely different from breeder fast reactor fuel cycles where net plutonium produced in fast reactors is made into MOX fuel to be burned in thermal reactors.

In Spain and Sweden a small number of investor-owned utilities have built and operated nuclear power plants. No arrangement has proved free of tension. S. it is widely recognized that in the current environment, small investorowned utilities operating a single nuclear power plant are more likely to encounter operational problems and to experience higher generating costs. We do not believe that a single organizational model for nuclear power will be applicable throughout the world. We do believe that industrial organization is an important consideration for the future expansion of nuclear power.

Although this illustrative deployment is highly speculative, it provides a concrete instance of how the global growth scenario might be realized. Nuclear power expansion on this scale is not likely to happen without United States leadership. It also requires continued European commitment and the initiation or expansion of nuclear power programs in many developing countries around the world. If nuclear deployment on the scale of the global growth scenario were to occur, however, it would avoid a significant amount of carbon dioxide emissions, largely by displacing carbon emitting fossil fuel generation.

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The Future of Nuclear Power - An Interdisciplinary MIT Study by Eric S. Beckjord

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