By Angela Ales Bello
This ebook proposes a brand new interpretative key for examining and overcoming the binary of idealism and realism. It takes as its critical factor for exploration the best way human attention unfolds, i.e., during the dating among the I and the world―a box of phenomenological research that can't and must never stay closed in the limits of its personal disciplinary borders. The publication specializes in the query of realism in modern debates, finally dismantling prejudices and automatisms that one reveals therein. It exhibits that on the root of the debate among realism and idealism there usually lie equivocations of a semantic nature and by way of going again to the origins of recent phenomenology it places into play a dialogue of the Husserlian thought of transcendental idealism. Following this course and neutralizing the extraordinary positions of a serious idealism and a naïve realism, the ebook proposes a “transcendental realism”: the horizon of a dynamic solidarity that embraces the method of cognition and that grounds the relation, and never the subordination, of topic and item. The research of this reciprocity permits the surpassing of the bounds of the area of realizing, resulting in basic questions surrounding the last word feel of items and their starting place.
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The vintage perception of human transcendental recognition assumes its self-supporting existential prestige in the horizon of life-world, nature and earth. but this assumed absoluteness doesn't entail the character of its powers, neither their constitutive strength. This latter demand an existential resource achieving past the generative life-world community.
1 technology and man
2 technology and phenomenology
3 The plan of this work
4 'Geographical phenomenology'
5 The disciplinary context
PART I GEOGRAPHY and conventional METAPHYSICS
Geographical discourse and its significant themes
6 easy recommendations of technology and the tactic acceptable to ontology
7 Objectivism and subjectivism
8 Positivism and naturalism
8a The a-historical nature of positivism
8b The Enlightenment and positivism
8c Naturalism and idealism
9 Kantian ontology of fabric nature
10 Conceptions of actual house and geography
10a The emergence of geography as an summary, theoretical science
10b Social physics
11 actual house, cognitive behaviouralism and the flip to subjectivity
12 The mode of being attribute of geographical objects
PART II GEOGRAPHY AND PHENOMENOLOGY
The interpretation of phenomenology in geography
13 The phenomenological foundation of geography
14 Geographical phenomenology
14a Phenomenology and useful research
15 ways to geographical phenomenology
15a the mandatory contrast among humanism and geography
16 The view of science
16a Phenomenology as criticism
16b Phenomenology as anti-science
16c The foundational function of phenomenology
16d Phenomena of lived experience
17 The flip to the lifeworld, and the paradox of floor and object
18 The phenomenological method
Geographical phenomenology: a critique of its foundations
19 The metaphysics of geographical phenomenology
20 Humanism and the confusion of the 'objective' and the 'subjective'
20a Subjectivity and intentionality
20c The 'things themselves', 'consciousness' and 'the challenge of the target world'
21 Geographical phenomenology: its inner critique
21a Phenomenology and standards of validity
22 The flip to Schiitz's constitutive phenomenology and justifying a go back to Husserl
PART III PHENOMENOLOGY AND THE query OF HUMAN SCIENCE
Husserlian phenomenology: the foundational project
23 what's phenomenology?
23a Phenomenology: its origins and foundations
23b The traditional attitude
23c Empirical technology and natural science
23d unique intuition
23c Phenomena and intentionality
24 the necessity for phenomenology
24a The concern of distance among technology and life
24b The critique of the optimistic sciences
24c The constitution of the realm and 'objects' of science
24d Phenomenology and the guiding thought of science
Phenomenology, technological know-how and phenomenological geography
25 Descriptive phenomenology and science
25a Sciences of truth and sciences of essence
25b Descriptive phenomenology
26 Phenomenology, technological know-how and lifeworld
26a The lifeworld ontology
26b The sciences and the lifeworld
26c The technology of the lifeworld
26d Lifeworld and transcendental phenomenology
Towards a basic ontology of science
27 Phenomenology and a basic ontology of science
28 technological know-how and objectivation in geography
28a How does theoretical discovery arise?
28b the typical global and the theoretical attitude
29 the improvement of technological know-how and the idea that of 'progress'
30 Human technology and objectification
31 Rigour and exactitude in science
32 concept and its achieve and carry over nature and world
33 technology and the lived world
PART IV HUMAN technological know-how, WORLDHOOD, AND SPATIALITY
Implications for the human sciences and a human technological know-how of geography
35 Phenomenology and the technological know-how of geography
36 in the direction of a proper projective human science
37 Husserl and human science
38 in the direction of a proper and a priori 'mathesis of spiritand of humanity'
39 The existential analytic and the human sciences
40 The existential analytic and the 'natural belief of the world' (or lifeworld)
Towards an figuring out of human spatiality
41 Geography, international and space
42 global and worldhood
43a The technological view of space
43b The spatiality of the present-at-hand
44 the typical mode of being-in-the-world
45 The spatiality of the ready-to-hand: locations and regions
46 area and science
47 Man's spatiality
48 area and man's spatiality
49 position and area: implications for a nearby ontology of spatiality for a geographical human technological know-how
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Extra info for The Sense of Things: Toward a Phenomenological Realism (Analecta Husserliana, Volume 118)
Logos lets something be seen from itself. ”12 Heidegger’s analysis of the Greek roots of the term and his understanding of phenomenology in terms of the Greek understanding of being places phenomenology on a new path. Husserl’s call to return “to the things themselves” urged an analysis of the transcendental ground that makes possible the disclosure of beings. For Husserl, this was the transcendental consciousness, and the task was to unfold the intentional structure of consciousness that constitutes the what and the how of that which it experiences.
Movement is the way of being of natural beings. Movement is the “phenomenon” that opens up in the course of this study a unique access to an ontological understanding of nature. ’” Aristotle establishes in Physics A that the study of phusis is the study of the arch¯e of natural beings. Our task in the Physics, he says, is to further delin- the doubling of PHUSIS : aristotle’s view of nature • 31 eate the nature of this arch¯e. Here we are given a ﬁrst indication of what is meant by arch¯e and thus by phusis.
Aristotle establishes in Physics A that the study of phusis is the study of the arch¯e of natural beings. Our task in the Physics, he says, is to further delin- the doubling of PHUSIS : aristotle’s view of nature • 31 eate the nature of this arch¯e. Here we are given a ﬁrst indication of what is meant by arch¯e and thus by phusis. Phusis is an aition. This word is typically translated as cause. But Heidegger warns us that it is not meant in our sense of causality, although this is what is typically assumed of Aristotle.
The Sense of Things: Toward a Phenomenological Realism (Analecta Husserliana, Volume 118) by Angela Ales Bello