By Samuel Humes, Eileen M. Martin
1. the aim the aim of this research is to realize an perception into and make an introductory comparability of the constitution of neighborhood executive in lots of international locations in the course of the global. extra particularly the purpose is to outline and describe in a comparative style some of the organs of neighborhood govt and their relationships. the necessity for, in addition to the stumbling blocks encountered in, this sort of survey are might be both seen. it really is stated that he who below stands basically his personal language is familiar with none. it may well simply as simply be contended that he who is aware in basic terms his personal govern psychological associations understands none. Governmental comparisons are worthy not just to determine how others are ruled but additionally to extra absolutely understand the position which one's personal governmental associations play. 1 From a realistic viewpoint there's a nonetheless extra worth in making comparisons of neighborhood governments. neighborhood govt associations are continually present process adjustments. The adjustments are either formal and casual; they are evolutionary and revolu tionary. A comparative examine of neighborhood executive can assist many nations to use the experiments and reviews of others. From the start of recorded historical past there are symptoms of guy borrowing seriously from the associations of his neighbour in organizing his personal associations. In neighborhood govern ment there are a number of examples of nations that have arrange their neighborhood executive structures by means of wholesale copying the version of another.
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Extra resources for The Structure of Local Governments Throughout the World: A Comparative Introduction
And Robson, W. , A Century of Municipal Progress (London 1936). p. 32. 16 THE UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT modem communication and transportation, which made stricter central control possible. Attempts to graft non-indigenous structures onto the village pattern of a different cultural environment have not been altogether successful. The need for local government developed first, and has remained the greatest, in the large urban areas. Later came recognition of the fact that rural citizens have as much need for many local government services as do their urban neigbours.
Quite often it is necessary to organize special-purpose local authorities because the arrangement of the boundaries of the general-purpose local units is unsatisfactory for specific types of local public activities. Although an alternative is to arrange the boundaries of the local general-purpose unit in such a way that all of its local public THE UNITS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT 25 activities may be carried on in a practical manner, this is seldom possible. Considerations of size are probably the primary reasons for the presence of inter-municipal special-purpose authorities.
Often it is difficult to tell which of two layers of local units should be considered the level of municipal units. It is difficult to decide, for instance, whether to call the English parish or the rural district a rural municipality. The rural districts rather than the parishes have been considered the rural municipalities in this study not only because they are more nearly comparable to the urban municipalities (urban districts and boroughs) but also because the rural districts have so many more activities than the parishes.
The Structure of Local Governments Throughout the World: A Comparative Introduction by Samuel Humes, Eileen M. Martin