By Antti Laato, Johannes C. De Moor

ISBN-10: 9004132759

ISBN-13: 9789004132757

Is it justice whilst deities let righteous people to endure? this question has occupied the minds of theologians and philosophers for lots of centuries and remains to be hotly disputed. every kind of argument were constructed to exonerate the 'good God' of any guilt during this admire. when you consider that Leibniz it has develop into frequent to explain such makes an attempt as 'theodicy', the justification of God. In smooth philosophical debate this use of 'theodicy' has been wondered. besides the fact that, this quantity indicates that it really is nonetheless a potential time period for an idea that originated a lot prior to is often realised.

Experts from many disciplines stick to the emergence of the theodicy challenge from historical close to japanese texts of the second one millennium BCE via biblical literature, from either outdated and New testomony, intertestamental writings together with Qumran, Philo Judaeus and rabbinic Judaism.

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J. Heschel, Die Prophetie, 56-97, 127-83. 114 ‘Niemand hat tiefere Einblicke in das Verh¨ altnis Gottes zum Volk gewonnen als Jeremia. ’ Heschel, Die Prophetie, 65. A. ), Between God and Man, 120. 116 See the interpretation of this verse in W. , 163-74. 117 See Korpel, A Rift in the Clouds, 122, 165-85, as well as De Moor’s contribution to this volume. 113 l A. C. de Moor Isa. 119 As a consequence, it is also difficult to classify the type of theodicy involved: is it a special variant of the retribution theodicy dealt with above?

7). In particular, Saadya argues that testing is an important theme in the Book of Job which he calls Kit¯ ab al-ta‘d¯ıl, ‘The Book Confirming (divine) Justice’ – in the end retribution smoothes out any remaining inquity. ) was to understand suffering. According to Saadya, the friends of Job made the same decisive mistake as the Ash‘arites: What drove them to this conclusion was their rational recognition that the Creator, being just, will do no wrong. Observing that Job was a victim of torments, they argued that these must be deserved on account of some prior sin of his.

109 Finally we should mention the theodicy in the Book of 4 Ezra which was written after the destruction of the Second Temple. As Charlesworth has demonstrated in his article this book presents an analysis of the events which indicates that they remained a mystery to the author. Charlesworth assigns 4 Ezra to the category ‘Unresolved Question or Mystery’. The mystery is formulated in wism 2 , 53-6, 62. 108 See Lindstr¨ om’s contribution. 109 See his contribution to this volume. xlviii A. C. de Moor 4 Ezra 4:52 so that not even the archangel Uriel can give Ezra the reason for the destruction of Jerusalem because he does not know.

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Theodicy in the World of the Bible by Antti Laato, Johannes C. De Moor


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