By Donna B. Gerdts, Karin Michelson
American linguistics has a practice of discovering distinct and significant insights from experiences of local American languages, usually resulting in recommendations in present theories. while, examine on local languages has been more advantageous by means of the views of contemporary conception. This ebook extends this practice by way of proposing unique analyses of features of six local languages of Canada--Algonquin, Athapaskan, Eskimo, Iroquoian, Salishan, and Siouan. Addressing difficulties correct to phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics, the authors make either descriptive and theoretical contributions by way of proposing info that has now not been formerly released or handled from the point of view of latest idea.
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Extra info for Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages
1] Phonemic Inventory of Dakota: p t c* k ph th ch* kh p' t' c*' k' i i* u u* b (d) e o s x h a a* s' ' x' z z* g l m n y w What is absolutely uncontroversial in all analyses of MSCs on C-final roots is that aspirates and ejectives, as well as consonant clusters, are prohibited in root-final position. A major argument for treating the aspirates and ejectives as clusters has been this distributional parallelism (cf. ). Despite the prima facie appeal of this conclusion, one must question (as Page 6 pointed out m Shaw 1980, 66) what independent principle would justify classifying the ejectives and aspirates with clusters rather than with the other sets of segments also prohibited in final position; namely, the voiced stops (b in all dialects, and d in the Santee dialects), the voiced fricatives, the sonorants /m w/, as well as the laryngeals /h/ and (setting aside for the moment the issue of the latter's phonemic status).
The present analysis is constrained by the strong hypothesis that only the marked and non-redundant values of phonologically distinctive features are specified in lexical representation and may be accessed by lexical phonological rules. Thus, for example, in Dakota the Page 16 only segments marked for [voice] are the [+voice] obstruents: voiceless obstruents and voiced sonorants are both unmarked for this feature. , [Øvoice] ® [voice]/[sonor] and [Øvoice] ® [+voice] elsewhere. The final subtheory assumed here is one regarding the internal structure of the syllable, a prosodic unit which defines an organization of the skeletal tier in terms of a head N (the nucleus), a rime constituent N' (the nucleus plus any following elements in the coda), and the maximal projection N" (which incorporates the onset).
The analysis developed in Section 3 offers a unified and systematic treatment of these several facts, drawing on certain insights of syllable structure and of autosegmental melodic representation. Finally, the conclusions are summarized in Section 4. 1. Distributional Properties of Aspirates and Ejectives To introduce the discussion of Dakota, it is illuminating to look at previous treatments of these issues in the available Siouan literature. Given that earlier frameworks, both structuralist and generative, adhered fairly rigorously to a notion of atomic and coterminous features, Siouan scholars took it upon themselves to defend a consistent position either on one side of the fence or on the other.
Theoretical Perspectives on Native American Languages by Donna B. Gerdts, Karin Michelson