By Gordon C. Nagayama Hall
Sexual aggression is a pervasive societal challenge with devastating and infrequently everlasting results on its sufferers. nearly one in 4 adults has been both a sufferer or wrongdoer of sexually competitive habit. before, a disproportionate volume of recognition has been paid to victim-based tools of prevention with a corresponding loss of emphasis at the perpetrators of sexual aggression, whose expense of recidivism is kind of excessive. As psychologists and psychological overall healthiness pros flip their awareness to the evaluate and therapy of sexual offenders, the necessity for sensible, scientifically dependent info on sexual aggression has turn into transparent. during this ebook, Gordon corridor bargains feedback in response to state-of-the technological know-how conception and learn. utilizing the Quadripartite version of sexual aggression to supply a framework for motives and attainable options, it breaks new flooring by way of featuring preventive intervention with capability perpetrators. it's a precious source for a person focused on psychological future health, criminology, and the judicial process.
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Additional info for Theory-Based Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Sexual Aggression
Physiological Sexual Arousal Physiological sexual arousal has been emphasized in various theoretical models of sexual aggression. In some theories, sexual arousal in response to deviant stimuli has a biological or neurohormonal basis (Hucker & Bain, 1990) and in others it is based on learning, such as classical conditioning via masturbation to pornography (Laws & Marshall, 1990; Marshall & Barbaree, 1984; Quinsey, 1984). The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-R) of the American Psychiatric Association (1994), the most widely utilized diagnostic system of mental health professionals, has also implemented this sexual-arousal approach to classify different sexually deviant behaviors.
Such cognitive distortions suggest that victims find sexual aggres- Theories of Sexual Aggression 27 sion enjoyable, beneficial, or, at the very least, not harmful. Such cognitive distortions have been referred to as rape myths (Burt, 1980). Rape myths have been defined as generally false, but widely and persistently held, attitudes and beliefs that deny and justify male sexual aggression against women (Lonsway & Fitzgerald, 1994). As with other stereotypes, situations that are consistent with cognitive distortions tend to be recalled, whereas situations that are inconsistent tend to be ignored (Lonsway & Fitzgerald, 1994).
Personal responsibility for addictive behavior is minimized and others are usually blamed (Herman, 1990). Conceptualizing sexual aggression as an addiction underscores that it is not benign or normal behavior and that it is a serious problem that requires extensive time to change (Herman, 1990). Sexual deviance and other addictions are characterized by similar precursors, including negative emotional states, and by denial that the addictive behavior is problematic (George & Marlatt, 1989). A temporal sequence of affect sexual fantasy conscious plan presumably leads to sexually aggressive behavior (Pithers, Marques, Gibat, & Marlatt, 1983).
Theory-Based Assessment, Treatment, and Prevention of Sexual Aggression by Gordon C. Nagayama Hall