By Alistair J. Lax

ISBN-10: 0198605587

ISBN-13: 9780198605584

What do the next have in universal: the promise of Botox because the key to eternal younger seems; E. coli O157 hamburger affliction; a mysterious disease which killed 35 heroin clients in 2000; and the assassination by way of poisoned umbrella-tip of a Bulgarian dissident within the Seventies? the answer's that each one of those are because of bacterial pollutants, the strong organic poisons published by way of micro organism and a few vegetation. In Toxin, Alistair Lax finds the panoply of the way during which bacterial pollutants triumph over the defenses of our cells. He explains how they paintings, how they're such a success in inflicting significant ailments, the bad human effect they've got had, and the way it seems that 'new' illnesses come up from them. He additionally discusses how we will be able to strive against pollution, and the way we will be able to harness their activities for helpful reasons. Enlivened by way of the very human tale of the patience, rivalries, and insights from which sleek microbiology grew, Toxin is the 1st greatly obtainable account of this interesting and demanding subject.

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Extra resources for Toxin. The Cunning of Bacterial Poisons

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It was a very public experiment, attended at both the start and finish by a crowd of scientists, doctors, farmers, and the press. Twenty-five sheep and six cows were given weakened bacteria as a first vaccine; similar numbers were left untreated as controls. Twelve days later a second vaccine, more virulent than the first, was given. Two weeks later all were given anthrax. Pasteur confidently predicted that all vaccinated animals would survive and all the non-vaccinated ones would die. Two days after this, as a crowd of more than 200 gathered to witness the outcome, Pasteur arrived to be welcomed by applause, as the results were by then obvious.

Two papers describing Koch’s and Cohn’s work were published back to back in Cohn’s journal in 1876. Koch now turned to improving and developing staining techniques for bacteria that enabled them to be more easily examined in the microscope. In addition, he applied his childhood interest in photography to produce the first-ever photographs of bacteria. These were of outstanding quality, all the more amazing considering the technical difficulties of nineteenth-century photography. In the meantime, work on anthrax passed over to Louis Pasteur, who was recovering from his stroke.

11 He worked at the Institut Pasteur, although he was keen to break down the antagonisms between the Paris and Berlin schools. Indeed later there was active interaction between scientists from the two laboratories. Pasteur, now a national hero, carried out some work on the bacteria now known to be Streptococcus species—identifying them as the *Departments of Hygiene are still found in Germany, but not really elsewhere, partly as a result of Koch’s influence. 12 The spectacular and sensational treatment of people bitten abroad who travelled to Paris in hope of being saved from this dread disease confirmed his fame.

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Toxin. The Cunning of Bacterial Poisons by Alistair J. Lax

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